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A dust cloud of Ganymede has been detected by in-situ measurements with the dust detector onboard the Galileo spacecraft. The dust grains have been sensed at altitudes below five Ganymede radii (Ganymede radius = 2, 635 km). Our analysis identifies the particles in the dust cloud surrounding Ganymede by their impact direction, impact velocity, and mass(More)
This paper describes the development and application of a Parametric Model at Canadian National Railway (CN) for use in rail capacity planning. The Parametric Capacity Model is a practical tool used to help improve track asset utilization through the measurement and monitoring of system track capacity. Understanding capacity is essential for determining the(More)
The Ulysses spacecraft has been orbiting the Sun on a highly inclined ellipse almost perpendicular to the ecliptic plane (inclination 79 • , perihelion distance 1.3 AU, aphelion distance 5.4 AU) since it encountered Jupiter in 1992. The in-situ dust detector on board continuously measured interstellar dust grains with masses up to 10 −13 kg, penetrating(More)
A panel of individuals with expertise in the railroad industry provides an overview of Simulation within the Railroad Environment. The panelists discuss their work and highlight the issues, challenges, and benefits associated with application of simulation models. Topics presented are;• Model Development, the issues and challenges.• Role of(More)
Tenuous dust clouds of Jupiter's Galilean moons Io, Europa, Ganymede and Callisto have been detected with the in-situ dust detector on board the Galileo spacecraft. The majority of the dust particles have been sensed at altitudes below five radii of these lunar-sized satellites. We identify the particles in the dust clouds surrounding the moons by their(More)
Dust pervades the Solar System, and is concentrated in the ring systems surrounding the giant planets and along the plane of the planetary orbits (the Zodiacal cloud). Individual dust grains are thought to be generated when impacts loft material from larger bodies 20,21,23–27 , such as satellites. Uncertainties in theoretical models of this ejection process(More)
Saturn's moon Rhea had been considered massive enough to retain a thin, externally generated atmosphere capable of locally affecting Saturn's magnetosphere. The Cassini spacecraft's in situ observations reveal that energetic electrons are depleted in the moon's vicinity. The absence of a substantial exosphere implies that Rhea's magnetospheric interaction(More)
Streams of high speed dust particles originate from Jupiter's innermost Galilean moon Io. After release from Io, the particles collect electric charges in the Io plasma torus, gain energy from the co-rotating electric field of Jupiter's magnetosphere, and leave the Jovian system into interplanetary space with escape speeds over 200 km s −1. Galileo, which(More)
The Dust Detector System onboard Galileo records dust impacts in the Jupiter system. Impact events are classified into four quality classes. Class 3 – our highest quality class – has always been noise-free and, therefore, contains only true dust impacts. Depending on the noise environment, class 2 are dust impacts or noise. Within 20 R J from Jupiter(More)