Harald Ihmsen

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BACKGROUND Target-controlled infusion is an increasingly common type of administration for propofol. This method requires accurate knowledge of pharmacokinetics, including the effects of age and weight. The authors performed a multicenter population analysis to quantitate the effects of covariates. METHODS The authors analyzed 4,112 samples of 270(More)
BACKGROUND Dexmedetomidine is a highly selective and potent α(2)-adrenoceptor agonist registered for sedation of patients in intensive care units. There is little information on factors possibly affecting its pharmacokinetics during long drug infusions in critically ill patients. We characterized the pharmacokinetics of dexmedetomidine in critically ill(More)
OBJECTIVE We investigated the pharmacokinetics of ketamine with special regard to enantiomer-specific differences. METHODS Ten healthy young male volunteers (mean age, 28 +/- 4 years; mean weight, 79 +/- 11 kg) received racemic ketamine and S(+)-ketamine in a randomized double-blind crossover study. Drugs were administered by a computer-controlled device.(More)
BACKGROUND In the last 4 y, several authors have reported largely satisfactory results using the new steroid intravenous anesthetic eltanolone (pregnanolone) to induce anesthesia. Until now, however, no investigations have addressed the infusion pharmacokinetics of eltanolone or used electroencephalographic effect data for full pharmacodynamic modeling.(More)
UNLABELLED We investigated naloxone effects in a model of electrically induced pain and hyperalgesia. In a double-blind, placebo-controlled, cross-over study, 15 volunteers underwent four 150-minute sessions of high-current-density electrical stimulation of their forearms. After 60 minutes, naloxone or placebo was given intravenously (increasing plasma(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE We studied the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of GPI 15715 (Aquavan injection), a new water-soluble prodrug metabolized to propofol by hydrolysis. METHODS Nine adult male Sprague-Dawley rats (398 +/- 31 g) received a bolus dose of 40 mg GPI 15715. The plasma concentrations of GPI 15715 and propofol were determined from(More)
The combination of analgesic drugs with different pharmacological properties may show better efficacy with less side effects. Aim of this study was to examine the analgesic and antihyperalgesic properties of the weak opioid tramadol and the non-opioid acetaminophen, alone as well as in combination, in an experimental pain model in humans. After approval of(More)
OBJECTIVE Difficult laryngoscopy in pediatric patients undergoing anesthesia. AIM This retrospective analysis was conducted to investigate incidence and predictors of difficult laryngoscopy in a large cohort of pediatric patients receiving general anesthesia with endotracheal intubation. BACKGROUND Young age and craniofacial dysmorphy are predictors for(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE Pharmacokinetics of propofol in rats have usually been described using linear models. Furthermore, there are only a few investigations for a pharmacodynamic model of the electroencephalographic effects of propofol in rats. We investigated pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of propofol in rats with special regard to linearity in(More)
BACKGROUND Oxycodone is a µ-opioid receptor agonist, the global use of which has increased vigorously during the past decade. The pharmacokinetic data of oxycodone available for elderly are limited, and there appear to be only little data on the population pharmacokinetics of oxycodone. METHODS We analysed 1272 plasma oxycodone samples of 77 individuals(More)