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BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to investigate the clinical outcome 2 years after intracoronary administration of autologous progenitor cells in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI). METHODS AND RESULTS Using a double-blind, placebo-controlled, multicenter trial design, we randomized 204 patients with successfully reperfused AMI to receive(More)
Obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) is linked with increased cardiovascular morbidity and mortality, possibly through an enhancement of atherosclerotic vascular changes. Up to now, however, only a few studies have tried to evaluate the occurrence of atherosclerosis in patients with OSA. In the present study, ultrasonography of the large extracranial vessels was(More)
Mechanotransduction represents an integral part of vascular homeostasis and contributes to vascular lesion formation. Previously, we demonstrated a mechanosensitive activation of phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3-K)/protein kinase B (Akt) resulting in p27Kip1 transcriptional downregulation and cell cycle entry of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC). In this(More)
OBJECTIVE Bone marrow-derived progenitor cells have been implicated to contribute to neointima formation, but the time course and extent of their accumulation and differentiation into vascular cells and, most importantly, the long-term contribution of bone marrow-derived progenitor cells to the vascular lesion remain undefined. METHODS AND RESULTS(More)
BACKGROUND Chronic hypoxia induces pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). Smooth muscle cell (SMC) proliferation and hypertrophy are important contributors to the remodeling that occurs in chronic hypoxic pulmonary vasculature. We hypothesized that rapamycin (RAPA), a potent cell cycle inhibitor, prevents pulmonary hypertension in chronic hypoxic mice. (More)
Two novel calpain inhibitors (A-705239 and A-705253) were studied in isolated perfused rabbit hearts subjected to 60-min occlusion of the ramus interventricularis of the left coronary artery (below the origin of the first diagonal branch), followed by 120 min of reperfusion. The inhibitors were added to the perfusion fluid in various final concentrations(More)
BACKGROUND Cyclic stretch plays an important role in the homeostasis of vessel structure. Increased forces might, however, contribute to remodeling processes, resulting in vascular proliferative diseases. The initial molecular events necessary for mechanosensitive cell cycle entry of quiescent smooth muscle cells are poorly understood. METHODS AND RESULTS(More)
Recent findings suggest that inflammation plays a role in atherosclerosis and its acute complications. Cellular response in infections with Gram-negative bacteria is mediated by bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS), which activates monocytes to expression of cytokines, growth factors, and procoagulatory factors via LPS receptor CD14. Endothelial cells and(More)
The G534E polymorphism (Marburg I [MI]) of factor VII-activating protease (FSAP) is associated with carotid stenosis and cardiovascular disease. We have previously demonstrated that FSAP is present in atherosclerotic plaques and it is a potent inhibitor of vascular smooth muscle proliferation and migration in vitro. The effect of wild-type (WT)- and MI-FSAP(More)
Obstructive disease of the large coronary arteries is the prominent cause for angina pectoris. However, angina may also occur in the absence of significant coronary atherosclerosis or coronary artery spasm, especially in women. Myocardial ischaemia in these patients is often associated with abnormalities of the coronary microcirculation and may thus(More)