Harald H. Kessler

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BACKGROUND & AIMS Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the gene that encodes interleukin (IL)-28B predict response of patients with chronic hepatitis C to antiviral therapy. We investigated the roles of polymorphisms rs12979860 and rs8099917 on the early virologic response of treatment-naïve patients. METHODS SNPs were identified by real-time(More)
Among 149 extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL)-producing Enterobacteriaceae isolates collected from patients in southeast Austria from 1998 to 2004, 38 Escherichia coli isolates and 11 Klebsiella spp. were CTX-M producers. The proportion of CTX-M-producers among all ESBL producers rose from 0% in 1998 to 58% in 2004. In general, CTX-M-producers had(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Polymorphisms of the IL28B gene (rs12979860 and rs8099917) are associated with high sustained virological response (SVR) rates in HCV genotype 1 patients. This study analyzes the impact of these IL28B polymorphisms on early treatment response (weeks 2 and 4) and SVR in HCV genotype 3 patients. METHODS rs12979860 and rs8099917 were(More)
BACKGROUND Human herpes viruses cause a spectrum of diseases that are usually self-limiting but can be reactive during immuno-suppression and may then lead to severe or even life-threatening diseases. The LightCycler technology allows rapid polymerase chain reaction (PCR) including product analysis within a closed system. This approach has been demonstrated(More)
Molecular detection of herpes simplex virus (HSV) DNA is recognized as the reference standard assay method for the sensitive and specific diagnosis of central nervous system infections caused by HSV. In this study, a molecular assay based on real-time PCR on the LightCycler (LC) instrument was evaluated and compared with a home-brew molecular assay. The(More)
The presence of Chlamydia (C.) psittaci, C. pneumoniae and C. trachomatis DNAs in MALT lymphomas of ocular adnexals from 13 Austrian patients were studied. Gastrointestinal MALT lymphomas and gastritis specimens served as controls. Of 13 MALT lymphomas of the ocular adnexals, seven were positive for C. psittaci DNA. In contrast, one of 17 gastrointestinal(More)
The detection of mutant spectra within the viral quasispecies is critical for therapeutic management of HIV-1 infections. Routine clinical application of ultrasensitive genotyping requires reproducibility and concordance within and between laboratories. The goal of the study was to evaluate a new protocol on HIV-1 drug resistance testing by 454 ultra-deep(More)
The existence of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) subtypes has many important implications for the global evolution of HIV and for the evaluation of pathogenicity, transmissibility, and candidate HIV vaccines. The aim of this study was to establish a rapid method for determination of HIV-1 subtypes useful for a routine diagnostic laboratory and(More)