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Polytene interphase chromosomes are compacted into a series of bands and interbands reflecting their organization into independent chromosomal domains. In order to understand chromosomal organization, we set out to study the role of proteins that are selective for interbands. Here we describe the Drosophila melanogaster chromodomain protein Chriz that is(More)
The complications of anterior discectomy without fusion were analyzed on the basis of 450 consecutive cases treated surgically for degenerative disc disease. There was no death related to the procedure. The most common complication was a worsening of the pre-existing myelopathy. This occurred in 3.3%, including one case with severe medullary contusion.(More)
Considering the increasing use of lasers in neurosurgery and the increasing number of wavelengths of laser light becoming available, we evaluated optical properties between 200 and 900 nm of meninges, normal human brain tissue, and brain tumors. We used a two-beam spectral photometer with an integrating sphere as the measuring instrument. The material(More)
The subdivision of polytene chromosomes into bands and interbands suggests a structural chromatin organization that is related to the formation of functional domains of gene expression. We made use of the antibody Z4 to gain insight into this level of chromosomal structure, as the Z4 antibody mirrors this patterning by binding to an antigen that is present(More)
The conserved band-interband pattern is thought to reflect the looped-domain organization of insect polytene chromosomes. Previously, we have shown that the chromodomain protein Chriz and the zinc-finger protein Z4 are essentially required for the maintenance of polytene chromosome structure. Here we show that both proteins form a complex that recruits the(More)
Between 1976 and 1983, 251 patients underwent surgery for the treatment of cervical degenerative disc disease. Anterior microsurgical discectomy at one or more cervical segments without interbody fusion was performed in each case. 109 patients with radiculopathy and 55 patients with myelopathy were followed up clinically 1 to 8 years postoperatively. A soft(More)
Here we describe the construction of a new vector, pMH, designed for protein expression in E. coli. The vector provides inducible and powerful T7 RNA polymerase driven transcription of the sequences introduced, and a polylinker comprising now 10 most widely used restriction sites, which allows virtually any sequence to be cloned. Cloning in-frame with the(More)
The authors review 26 patients with deep-seated cavernous angiomas which were removed by microsurgery. Ten of the angiomas were located in the insula and basal ganglia, 2 in the thalamus, 5 in the midbrain, 8 in the pons, and 1 in the brachium pontis. The patients were among 73 consecutive cases operated on between August 1983 and December 1989 for(More)
CNS manifestations were studied in 97 gene carriers of von Hippel-Lindau syndrome (HLS). Haemangioblastomas of the CNS were found in 43 patients (44%), 23 females and 20 males. The mean age at diagnosis was 39 years (12-73 years). A total of 93 haemangioblastomas were detected of which 74% were intracranial and 26% were located in the spinal cord; 75% were(More)
The findings of a 10-year study (1976 to 1986) conducted in southwest Germany on hemangioblastomas (HBL's) of the central nervous system (CNS) are presented. During that period, 47 HBL's were diagnosed and surgically removed in 44 patients, with a good postoperative survival rate and prognosis. The majority (83%) of these tumors were located in the(More)