Harald E. Möller

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Functional MRI (fMRI) by means of spin-echo (SE) techniques provides an interesting alternative to gradient-echo methods because the contrast is based primarily on dynamic averaging associated with the blood oxygenation level-dependent (BOLD) effect. In this article the contributions from different brain compartments to BOLD signal changes in SE echo planar(More)
Different clinical outcomes in spite of comparable dietary controls are well known in patients with phenylketonuria. Currently, reasons for this phenomenon are unknown. Kinetic investigations in 15 patients with classic phenylketonuria were performed using in vivo nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy before and after an oral phenylalanine load (100 mg/kg(More)
Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) in auditory experiments is a challenge, because the scanning procedure produces considerable noise that can interfere with the auditory paradigm. The noise might either mask the auditory material presented, or interfere with stimuli designed to evoke emotions because it sounds loud and rather unpleasant.(More)
Measuring the morphology of the cerebral microvasculature by vessel-size imaging (VSI) is a promising approach for clinical applications, such as the characterization of tumor angiogenesis and stroke. Despite the great potential of VSI, this method has not yet found widespread use in practice due to the lack of experience in testing it on healthy humans.(More)
The nuclear spin polarization of the noble gas isotopes (3)He and (129)Xe can be increased using optical pumping methods by four to five orders of magnitude. This extraordinary gain in polarization translates directly into a gain in signal strength for MRI. The new technology of hyperpolarized (HP) gas MRI holds enormous potential for enhancing sensitivity(More)
Recent studies indicate that individual blood–brain transport characteristics of phenylalanine may lead to different clinical outcomes in phenylketonuria (PKU) patients in spite of comparable dietary control. To check these preliminary data, we investigated four pairs of siblings with classical PKU (and identical genotype) using in vivo nuclear magnetic(More)
Magnetic resonance imaging studies in patients with phenylketonuria (PKU) revealed white matter alterations that correlated to most recent blood phenylalanine (Phe) concentrations as well as to brain Phe concentrations measured by magnetic resonance spectroscopy. The clinical significance of these changes is unknown. Magnetic resonance imaging data thus(More)
ABSTRACT There is international consensus that patients with phenylalanine (Phe) levels <360 microM on a free diet do not need Phe-lowering dietary treatment whereas patients with levels >600 microM do. Clinical outcome of patients showing Phe levels between 360 and 600 microM in serum on a free nutrition has so far only been assessed in a small number of(More)
Several studies have shown that obesity is associated with changes in human brain function and structure. Since women are more susceptible to obesity than men, it seems plausible that neural correlates may also be different. However, this has not been demonstrated so far. To address this issue, we systematically investigated the brain's white matter (WM)(More)
INTRODUCTION Various biomarkers have been reported in recent literature regarding imaging abnormalities in different types of dementia. These biomarkers have helped to significantly improve early detection and also differentiation of various dementia syndromes. In this study, we systematically applied whole-brain and region-of-interest (ROI) based support(More)