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Naturally occurring beta-carbolines are lipophilic compounds which show psychotropic and physiological effects in mammals. They bind to distinct high-affinity binding sites in various mammalian tissues. However, the mechanism by which the beta-carbolines affect transmembrane signal transduction processes is still unknown. Since beta-carbolines are… (More)
Effects of ethanol on signal transduction in neuronal membranes are supposed to occur by the interaction with heterotrimeric guanine nucleotide-binding proteins (G-proteins). Several substances affect signal transduction by activation of G-proteins directly independent of receptors. We show that similar to those substances, ethanol stimulates high-affinity… (More)
Harman occurs in rat brain, with the highest concentration in the cerebellum and the lowest in the striatum. 2 g/kg ethanol were ineffective with respect to the concentration of harman in the brain whereas 5 g/kg ethanol caused a time-dependent increase in the cerebral cortex as well as the cerebellum. A toxic dose (8 g/kg) of ethanol elicited no change of… (More)
Recent progress in the detection and tracking of moving vehicles in image sequences facilitated systematic research regarding the automatic description of complex maneuver sequences at a level of abstraction corresponding to the concepts of situations and goals. We outline the design and implementation of a coherent system which links the evaluation of… (More)
Human interferon (HIF) preparations inhibited the propagation of Daudi cells in stationary suspension cultures, while a control preparation showed no such effect. The growth inhibition (= anticellular) activity of differently pretreated HIF preparations was determined by the reduction of 14C-labelled thymidine (14C-TDR) uptake in a microassay system. These… (More)
Eleven subjects having no history of substance abuse or dependence who agreed to abstain from alcohol for one week prior to the investigation were selected to participate in the present study. On two occasions, separated by four to six weeks, blood was drawn over an 8-hour period (0, 0.5, 1, 2, 4 and 8 hours). On the first occasion, subjects were given an… (More)
Of eight lymphoblastoid cell lines studied five were insensitive to both the anticellular and antiviral activities of human leukocyte interferon, and two were sensitive to both activities. One line could not be fully evaluated since it was not possible to study its sensitivity to the antiviral activity.