Harald Brumm

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CONTEXT Autosomal dominant inheritance of mutations in the melanocortin-4 receptor gene (MC4R) is currently regarded as the most relevant genetic cause for extreme obesity and affects 2-4% of extremely obese individuals. OBJECTIVE Our objective was to assess the relevance of MC4R mutations in a German population-based sample. DESIGN AND SETTING We(More)
More than 70 missense mutations have been identified in the human melanocortin 4 receptor (MC4R), and many of them have been associated with obesity. In a number of cases, the causal link between mutations in MC4R and obesity is controversially discussed. Here, we mined evolution as an additional source of structural information that may help to evaluate(More)
The melanocortin 4 receptor (MC4R) is routinely investigated for the role it plays in human obesity, as mutations in MC4R are the most common dominantly inherited form of the disease. As little is known about the evolutionary history of this locus, we investigated patterns of variation at MC4R in a worldwide sample of 1,015 humans from 51 populations, and(More)
BACKGROUND Heterozygous MC4R mutation is the most frequent cause of monogenic obesity. For most MC4R mutations a gene dosage effect seems to be the underlying mechanism. However, a dominant negative effect of a heterozygous MC4R mutation was recently identified, pointing to an additional mechanism of MC4R inactivation. METHODS The complete(More)
OBJECTIVE The melanocortin 4 receptor gene (MC4R) is involved in body weight regulation. While many studies associated MC4R mutations with childhood obesity, information on MC4R mutations in Spanish children and adolescents is lacking. Our objective was to screen a population of children and adolescents from the north of Spain (Navarra) for MC4R mutations(More)
BACKGROUND Functionally relevant mutations in the melanocortin-4 receptor gene ( MC4R) currently display the most common major gene/allele effect on extreme obesity. OBJECTIVE Mutation screen of the MC4R in consecutively ascertained Austrian children and adolescents with severe obesity, to analyse the phenotype of mutation carriers and to functionally(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Genome-wide association studies revealed associations of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) flanking MC4R with body mass index variability and obesity. We genotyped 28 SNPs, covering MC4R, and searched for haplotypes discriminating between obese mutation carriers and non-carriers. METHODS We analyzed all three-marker haplotype(More)
The challenge to eradicate iodine deficiency disorders (IDD) by the year 2000 worldwide will have positive consequences for more than 20 million people suffering from IDD. This is the main and common goal for the developing but also for a lot the developed countries. Sensitive tools like neonatal thyroid screening (NTS) can be used in order to make changes(More)
Aminoglycoside-mediated read-through of stop codons was recently demonstrated for a variety of diseases in vitro and in vivo. About 30 percent of human genetic diseases are the consequence of nonsense mutations. Nonsense mutations in obesity-associated genes like the melanocortin 4 receptor (MC4R), expressed in the hypothalamus, show the impact of premature(More)
This study targeted the identification of mutations of melanocortin-4 receptor gene (MC4R) in obese children. Fifty-one unrelated probands with early onset severe obesity (body mass index (BMI) > 99th percentile; 21 girls, mean age 10.6 +/- 3.6 years) were analyzed for nucleotide variations in the MC4R coding region, by the polymerase chain reaction-single(More)