Haralambos I. Karvounis

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BACKGROUND Geometrically-correct 3D OCT is a new imaging modality with the potential to investigate the association of local hemodynamic microenvironment with OCT-derived high-risk features. We aimed to describe the methodology of 3D OCT and investigate the accuracy, inter- and intra-observer agreement of 3D OCT in reconstructing coronary arteries and(More)
Early detection of pulmonary hypertension (PH) in patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc) is essential as it leads to substantial morbidity and mortality irrespective of its etiology. The aim of our study was to determine whether noninvasive biochemical and/or echocardiographic indices can predict the presence of PH in these patients. We prospectively(More)
The purpose of our study was to investigate the effect of bosentan treatment on surrogate markers in patients with systemic-sclerosis-related pulmonary arterial hypertension (SScPAH). We studied ten SScPAH patients (nine female, median age 58 years, median duration of disease 9 years). Six-minute walk test (SMWT) and plasma N-terminal probrain natriuretic(More)
Brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) is a counterregulatory hormone released by the ventricles of the heart. Its main actions are natriuresis and vasodilation. The authors studied N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) levels soon after an acute ischemic stroke. They compared plasma NT-proBNP concentrations in 30 patients with an acute ischemic(More)
OBJECTIVES SSc is a CTD characterized by vascular involvement, with generalized disturbance of the microcirculation, which may lead to pulmonary artery hypertension (PAH). Asymmetrical dimethylarginine (ADMA) is an endogenous nitric oxide (NO) inhibitor. Increased concentrations of plasma ADMA may also contribute to endothelial dysfunction in patients with(More)
AIMS This study was designed to evaluate the effect of variation of atrioventricular (AV) interval (AVI) on left ventricular (LV) diastolic function and ANP and c-GMP levels during DDD pacing in patients with complete AV block and normal systolic function. METHODS The study population comprised 22 patients (mean age 65.2+/-14.3, 12 males) with complete AV(More)
OBJECTIVE Cardiopulmonary complications are common in patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc). We assessed cardiac involvement in patients with SSc using echocardiography and investigated the association of N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) and asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA) with echocardiographic measures of myocardial function in(More)
Cardiovascular autonomic neuropathy (CAN) is one of the most serious complications of diabetes and has been weakly linked with left ventricular (LV) diastolic dysfunction. Previous studies that explored this association either suffer from inadequate definition of CAN or have mainly used conventional Doppler or nuclear techniques to investigate LV diastolic(More)
BACKGROUND We investigated the time course and prognostic value of fibrinogen (Fib), C-reactive protein (CRP), interleukin-6 (IL-6), and ceruloplasmin (CP) in patients with severe unstable angina. METHODS All 4 substances were measured on admission and after 6, 12, 24, 48, and 72 hours, and after 7 days and 6 months in 40 patients with Braunwald's(More)
BACKGROUND Preinfarction angina (PA) is a clinical analogue of ischemic preconditioning that improves postinfarct prognosis. Data concerning the association of PA with post infarction left ventricular (LV) remodeling and LV diastolic function are limited. We aimed to evaluate this association in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) in the modern(More)