Haoxiang Luo

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A new numerical approach for modeling a class of flow-structure interaction problems typically encountered in biological systems is presented. In this approach, a previously developed, sharp-interface, immersed-boundary method for incompressible flows is used to model the fluid flow and a new, sharp-interface Cartesian grid, immersed boundary method is(More)
The false vocal folds are believed to be components of the acoustic filter that is responsible for shaping the voice. However, the effects of false vocal folds on the vocal fold vibration and the glottal aerodynamic during phonation remain unclear. This effect has implications for computational modeling of phonation as well as for understanding laryngeal(More)
A three-dimensional computational fluid dynamics simulation is performed for a ruby-throated hummingbird (Archilochus colubris) in hovering flight. Realistic wing kinematics are adopted in the numerical model by reconstructing the wing motion from high-speed imaging data of the bird. Lift history and the three-dimensional flow pattern around the wing in(More)
A recently developed immersed-boundary method is used to model the flow-structure interaction associated with the human phonation. The glottal airflow is modeled as a two-dimensional incompressible flow driven by a constant subglottal pressure, and the vocal folds are modeled as a pair of three-layered, two-dimensional, viscoelastic structures. Both the(More)
In recent years, the immersed-boundary method that is based on the structured mesh has gained considerable popularity in computational fluid dynamics for solving complex and moving-boundary problems. Despite its wide applications, so far there is not a unified definition of the method, possibly because there are many variations in the existing(More)
In order to study the role of the passive deformation in the aerodynamics of insect wings, we computationally model the three-dimensional fluid–structure interaction of an elastic rectangular wing at a low aspect ratio during hovering flight. The code couples a viscous incompressible flow solver based on the immersedboundary method and a nonlinear(More)
The contravariant form of the Navier–Stokes equations in a fixed curvilinear coordinate system is well known. However, when the curvilinear coordinate system is time-varying, such as when a body-fitted grid is used to compute the flow over a compliant surface, considerable care is needed to handle the momentum term correctly. The present paper derives the(More)
Electrophoresis of a cylindrical particle placed between two parallel walls is considered for arbitrary eccentricity. The electric field is perpendicular to the particle axis, and both the particle and walls are non-conducting. The electrical double layers adjacent to the solid surfaces are assumed to be thin with respect to the particle radius and to the(More)
Three-dimensional fluid-structure interaction (FSI) involving large deformations of flexible bodies is common in biological systems, but accurate and efficient numerical approaches for modeling such systems are still scarce. In this work, we report a successful case of combining an existing immersed-boundary flow solver with a nonlinear finite-element(More)