Haoming Zhou

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PURPOSE We have previously shown in a limited number of tumor cell lines derived from only two histological types that clonogenic survival patterns fall into radiosensitivity groups, each group associating with a specific genotype. We now establish a global, quantitative description of human tumor cells based on genotype-dependent radiosensitivity across(More)
PURPOSE We describe variations of three radiation-induced endpoints on the basis of cell genotype: Clonogenic survival, expression of apoptosis and cell-cycle redistribution. METHODS Clonogenic survival, apoptosis and cell-cycle redistribution are measured in multiple cell lines after exposure to radiation between 2 and 16 Gy. Cell lines varied in(More)
PURPOSE Conditionally Replicative Adenovirus (CRAd) has been previously demonstrated to augment the activity of radiation, resulting in synergy of cell kill. However, previous models combining radiation with CRAd have not focused on the methods of radiation delivery. MATERIALS AND METHODS We model the combination of a novel prostate-specific CRAd, Ad5(More)
BACKGROUND Tasquinimod is a novel inhibitor of tumor angiogenesis which enhances therapeutic efficacy when combined with androgen ablation and/or taxane-based chemotherapies in pre-clinical prostate cancer models. It has entered registration Phase III evaluation for the treatment of castration resistant prostate cancer. Since tasquinimod suppresses the(More)
PURPOSE We compared clonogenic survival in 27 human tumor cell lines that vary in genotype after low-dose-rate (LDR) or high-dose rate (HDR) irradiation. We measured susceptibility to LDR-induced redistribution in the cell cycle in eight of these cell lines. METHODS AND MATERIALS We measured clonogenic survival after up to 96 hours of LDR (0.25 Gy/h)(More)
AIM To compare the measured surface temperature of variable size ensembles of cells heated by intracellular magnetic fluid hyperthermia with heat diffusion model predictions. MATERIALS & METHODS Starch-coated Bionized NanoFerrite (Micromod Partikeltechnologie GmbH, Rostock, Germany) iron oxide magnetic nanoparticles were loaded into cultured DU145(More)
PURPOSE Magnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (MNPs) are used as contrast agents for magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and hyperthermia for cancer treatment. The relationship between MRI signal intensity and cellular iron concentration for many new formulations, particularly MNPs having magnetic properties designed for heating in hyperthermia, is lacking. In(More)
BACKGROUND We have previously shown that in vitro radiosensitivity of human tumor cells segregate non-randomly into a limited number of groups. Each group associates with a specific genotype. However we have also shown that abrogation of a single gene (p21) in a human tumor cell unexpectedly sensitized xenograft tumors comprised of these cells to(More)
Radiation therapy is a highly effective tool for treating all stages of prostate cancer, from curative approaches in localized disease to palliative care and enhanced survival for patients with distant bone metastases. The therapeutic index of these approaches may be enhanced with targeted radiation-sensitizing agents. Aptamers are promising nucleic acid(More)
Ionizing radiation is frequently used to kill tumor cells. However, hypoxic solid tumor cells are more resistant to this treatment, providing the impetus to develop molecules that sensitize cells to ionizing radiation. 5-Bromo-2'-deoxyuridine (BrdU) has been investigated as a radiosensitizing agent in the lab and clinic for almost 5 decades. Recent reports(More)