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This study describes a catalytic decomposition and crystallization process to recover phytosterols from the waste residue of soybean oil deodorizer distillate (WRSODD). Various solvents were used for the crystallization of phytosterols. The effect of different solvents on the purity and yield of recovered phytosterols was investigated. The composition of(More)
The biologically and clinically important membrane transporters are challenging proteins to study because of their low level of expression, multidomain structure, and complex molecular dynamics that underlies their activity. ATP7B is a copper transporter that traffics between the intracellular compartments in response to copper elevation. The N-terminal(More)
Autonomous driving technology has been regarded as a promising solution to reduce road accidents and traffic congestion, as well as to optimize the usage of fuel and lane. Reliable and high efficient Vehicleto-Vehicle (V2V) and Vehicle-to-Infrastructure (V2I) communications are essential to let commercial autonomous driving vehicles be on the road before(More)
Copper-transporting ATPase ATP7A is essential for mammalian copper homeostasis. Loss of ATP7A activity is associated with fatal Menkes disease and various other pathologies. In cells, ATP7A inactivation disrupts copper transport from the cytosol into the secretory pathway. Using fibroblasts from Menkes disease patients and mouse 3T3-L1 cells with a(More)
Copper-transporting ATPase 2 (ATP7B) is essential for mammalian copper homeostasis. Mutations in ATP7B result in copper accumulation, especially in the liver, and cause Wilson disease (WD). The major role of hepatocytes in WD pathology is firmly established. It is less certain whether the excess Cu in hepatocytes is solely responsible for development of WD.(More)
In this paper, cooperative jamming in the multiantenna two-way relaying wiretap system is investigated. Under the assumption that all the channel state information related to the eavesdropper is unknown at legitimate nodes, and the jamming signals generated by the two source nodes can not be shared with each other, the precoding vectors for the user and(More)
We have conducted a series of measurements of resonantly excited photoluminescence, photocurrent and photovoltage on InGaN/GaN quantum wells with and without a p-n junction under reverse bias condition. The results indicate that most of the resonantly excited photo-generated carriers are extracted from the quantum wells when a p-n junction exists, and the(More)
Recent work on multiple access has shown sparse code multiple access (SCMA) is a promising scheme dealing with massive connection. In SCMA systems, symbol spreading is combined with symbol mapping. The coded bits are directly mapped to the spread symbols, called codewords, according to SCMA codebook. Several codewords are superposed on the same resource.(More)
The plasma membrane-bound G protein-coupled bile acid receptor (TGR5) displays varied levels of expression in different tissues. TGR5-induced liver protection has been demonstrated during several liver diseases, except during ischemia/reperfusion injury (IRI). Male adult wild-type and TGR5 knockout (KO) mice were subjected to liver partial warm(More)
Vehicle mobile ad-hoc networks (VANETs) are becoming the mainstream of network research in these days. Researches have been carried out from many aspects. However, due to the limitation of the characteristics of VANETs, the implementation in real-world still requires much effort to overcome the shortcomings to guarantee a reliable link and efficient data(More)