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In the experiments here, the time- and voltage-dependent properties of the Ca2+-independent, depolarization-activated K+ currents in adult mouse ventricular myocytes were characterized in detail. In the majority (65 of 72, approximately 90%) of cells dispersed from the ventricles, analysis of the decay phases of the outward currents revealed three distinct(More)
Previous studies have demonstrated a role for voltage-gated K+ (Kv) channel alpha subunits of the Kv4 subfamily in the generation of rapidly inactivating/recovering cardiac transient outward K+ current, I(to,f), channels. Biochemical studies suggest that mouse ventricular I(to,f) channels reflect the heteromeric assembly of Kv4.2 and Kv4.3 with the(More)
Streptococcus pneumoniae (S. pneumoniae) causes high early mortality in pneumococcal pneumonia, which is characterized by acute lung injury (ALI). The molecular mechanisms underlying ALI and the high early mortality remain unknown. Despite recent studies that identify deubiquitinating enzyme cylindromatosis (CYLD) as a key regulator for T cell development,(More)
Clear cell carcinoma is an uncommon subtype of ovarian carcinoma, accounting for 10% of cases. Clear cell carcinoma typically presents with stage I or II disease, and in this setting prognostic markers could aid in management decisions, in particular the decision to treat with adjuvant chemotherapy. We tested whether expression of insulin-like growth factor(More)
RATIONALE Cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterases (PDEs) through the degradation of cGMP play critical roles in maintaining cardiomyocyte homeostasis. Ca(2+)/calmodulin (CaM)-activated cGMP-hydrolyzing PDE1 family may play a pivotal role in balancing intracellular Ca(2+)/CaM and cGMP signaling; however, its function in cardiomyocytes is unknown. OBJECTIVE(More)
An in vivo experimental strategy, involving cardiac-specific expression of a mutant Kv 2.1 subunit that functions as a dominant negative, was exploited in studies focused on exploring the role of members of the Kv2 subfamily of pore-forming (a) subunits in the generation of functional voltage-gated K channels in the mammalian heart. A mutant Kv2.1 a subunit(More)
Insulin-like growth factor-II messenger RNA (mRNA)-binding protein-3 (IMP-3), also known as K homology domain-containing protein overexpressed in cancer (KOC) and L523S, is a member of the insulin-like growth factor-II mRNA-binding protein family and is expressed during embryogenesis and in some malignancies. IMP-3 expression in melanocytic neoplasms has(More)
Lung injury, whether induced by infection or caustic chemicals, initiates a series of complex wound-healing responses. If uncontrolled, these responses may lead to fibrotic lung diseases and loss of function. Thus, resolution of lung injury must be tightly regulated. The key regulatory proteins required for tightly controlling the resolution of lung injury(More)
OBJECTIVES We sought to determine how intrinsic mechanical properties of dilated ascending aorta influence in vivo distensibility and wall stress, potential contributing factors to the risk of aortic rupture and dissection. METHODS Fresh tissue from patients undergoing ascending aortic replacement for Marfan syndrome (n = 8, age 38 +/- 14 years), bicuspid(More)