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Prior work has shown reduced serotonin transmission to be associated with impulsivity and behavioral problems. The current study assessed the association between ADHD and two variants of the serotonin transporter gene: the 44-bp deletion/insertion polymorphism (5-HTTLPR) and the 17 bp-repeat polymorphism in intron 2 (STin2.VNTR). We hypothesized that ADHD(More)
Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a complex psychiatric syndrome with cardinal symptoms of inattention, hyperactivity and impulsivity, and is a significant risk factor for poor health outcomes in both adolescence and adulthood. Etiology is clearly multifactoral, with probable contributions from both genetic and environmental factors. The(More)
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a severe behavioral disorder in children known to have a substantial genetic component. Prior studies have implicated serotonin genes in the etiology of ADHD but have not examined tryptophan hydroxylase (TPH), which is a rate-limiting enzyme in serotonin biosynthesis. The current study examined the(More)
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is much more frequent in males than females, so several genes on the X chromosome (e.g., MAOA and MAOB) have been pursued as candidates for influencing risk for the disorder. HTR2C is also located on the X chromosome. In the current study, we examined the relationship between the C-759T and G-697C(More)
Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a heritable disease. Serotonin is one of the neurotransmitters involved in the etiology of ADHD. Serotonin-1D receptors are autoreceptors which can regulate the release of serotonin in brain, so the HTR1D gene may be predisposing. The current study genotyped two variants of HTR1D gene in 272 ADHD trios of(More)
Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is an important public health problem. Although serotonin is believed to be an important neurotransmitter in the etiology of this disorder, it remains unclear which specific 5-HT receptors are involved in regulating the symptoms of ADHD. Previous studies have provided favorable evidence for the association of(More)
ADHD is generally deemed to be a highly heritable disorder with mean heritability of 0.75. The enzyme monoamine oxidase (MAO), which has both A and B types, has long been considered a candidate pathological substrate for ADHD, and more recently, the genes for both MAO enzymes have been examined as mediators of the illness. Previous studies indicated that(More)
Most previous neuroimaging studies of age-related brain structural changes in older individuals have been cross-sectional and/or restricted to clinical samples. The present study of 345 community-dwelling non-demented individuals aged 70-90years aimed to examine age-related brain volumetric changes over two years. T1-weighted magnetic resonance imaging(More)
Serotonin is an endogenous neurotransmitter that regulates aggressive and impulsive behavior and may be involved in the development of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). 5-HT1B knockout mice display hyperactivity, increased exploratory activity and aggression, reduced anxiety, increased vulnerability to cocaine self-administration, and(More)
BACKGROUND Concern about falling is common in older people. Various related psychological constructs as well as poor balance and slow gait have been associated with decreased gray matter (GM) volume in old age. The current study investigates the association between concern about falling and voxel-wise GM volumes. METHODS A total of 281 community-dwelling(More)