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Mitochondrial genomes provide a rich source of molecular variation of proven and widespread utility in molecular ecology, population genetics and evolutionary biology. The tapeworm genus Taenia includes a diversity of tapeworm parasites of significant human and veterinary importance. Here we add complete sequences of the mt genomes of T. multiceps, T.(More)
Dengue is the most common arthropod-borne viral (Arboviral) illness in humans. The genetic features concerning the codon usage of dengue virus (DENV) were analyzed by the relative synonymous codon usage, the effective number of codons and the codon adaptation index. The evolutionary distance between DENV and the natural hosts (Homo sapiens, Pan troglodytes,(More)
In this study, we calculate the relative synonymous codon usage (RSCU) values and codon usage bias (CUB) values to carry out a comparative analysis of codon usage pattern for open reading frames (ORFs) among 85 samples which belong to all seven serotypes of foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV). Although the degree of CUB for ORFs is a relatively slight,(More)
The usefulness of reverse transcription loop-mediated isothermal amplification (RT-LAMP) for rapid pre-clinical detection of classical swine fever virus (CSFV) infection was evaluated. The RT-LAMP reaction could be finished in 60 min under isothermal condition at 65 degrees C by employing a set of four primers targeting the 5' untranslated region of CSFV.(More)
Foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) remains a major threat to livestock worldwide, especially in developing countries. To improve the efficacy of vaccination against FMD, various types of vaccines have been developed, including synthetic peptide vaccines. We designed three synthetic peptide vaccines, 59 to 87 aa in size, based on immunogenic epitopes in the VP1,(More)
To investigate the codon usage pattern of the contexts flanking 11 cleavage sites of foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV) polyprotein, the codon usage model of the corresponding codon position and the synonymous codon usage in the target contexts of 66 strains were characterized by two simple methods based on the relative synonymous codon usage value. The(More)
In this study, we calculated the relative synonymous codon usage (RSCU) values and codon usage bias (CUB) values to implement a comparative analysis of codon usage pattern of open reading frames (ORFs) which belong to the two main genotypes of porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV). By analysis of synonymous codon usage values in each(More)
A method of loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) was employed to develop a rapid and simple detection system for porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV2). The amplification could be finished in 60 min under isothermal condition at 64 degrees C by employing a set of four primers targeting the cap gene of PCV2. The LAMP assay showed higher sensitivity than(More)
To give a new perspective on the codon usage of the hepatitis C virus (HCV) and the factors accounting for shaping the codon usage pattern of the virus, the relative synonymous codon usage (RSCU) values, aromaticity and hydrophobicity of each polyprotein of the virus, effective number of codons (ENC) values and nucleotide contents were calculated to(More)
In this study, the relative synonymous codon usage (RSCU) values, effective number of codon (ENC) values, nucleotide contents, and dinucleotide were used to investigate codon usage pattern of each protein-coding gene and genome among 31 Newcastle disease virus (NDV) isolates. The result shows that the overall extent of codon usage bias in NDV is low (mean(More)