Hao-tai Chen

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BACKGROUND Mitochondrial genomes provide a rich source of molecular variation of proven and widespread utility in molecular ecology, population genetics and evolutionary biology. The tapeworm genus Taenia includes a diversity of tapeworm parasites of significant human and veterinary importance. Here we add complete sequences of the mt genomes of T.(More)
The mechanism of utilization of alternative two AUGs in foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV) is still unknown to date. In this study, the characteristics of codon usage bias (CUB) of the region between the two AUGs (the region-La) and of the same-sized region behind the second AUG (the region-Lb) in 94 different FMDV RNA sequences were analyzed using(More)
Dengue is the most common arthropod-borne viral (Arboviral) illness in humans. The genetic features concerning the codon usage of dengue virus (DENV) were analyzed by the relative synonymous codon usage, the effective number of codons and the codon adaptation index. The evolutionary distance between DENV and the natural hosts (Homo sapiens, Pan troglodytes,(More)
BACKGROUND Hepatitis A virus is the causative agent of type A viral hepatitis, which causes occasional acute hepatitis. Nevertheless, little information about synonymous codon usage pattern of HAV genome in the process of its evolution is available. In this study, the key genetic determinants of codon usage in HAV were examined. RESULTS The overall extent(More)
Foot-and-Mouth Disease (FMD), as a major global animal disease, affects millions of animals worldwide and remains the main sanitary barrier to the international and national trade of animals and animal products. Inactivated vaccination is the most effective measure for prevention of FMD at present, but fail to induce long-term protection and content new(More)
BACKGROUND Cardioviruses are positive-strand RNA viruses in the Picornaviridae family that can cause enteric infection in rodents and also been detected at lower frequencies in other mammals such as pigs and human beings. The Cardiovirus genus consists two distinct species: Encephalomyocarditis virus (EMCV) and Theilovirus (ThV). There are a lot differences(More)
BACKGROUND Poliovirus, the causative agent of poliomyelitis, is a human enterovirus and a member of the family of Picornaviridae and among the most rapidly evolving viruses known. Analysis of codon usage can reveal much about the molecular evolution of the viruses. However, little information about synonymous codon usage pattern of polioviruses genome has(More)
BACKGROUND FMD is one of the major causes of economic loss of cloven-hoofed animals in the world today. The assessment of dominant genotype/lineage and prevalent trends and confirmation the presence of infection or vaccination not only provides scientific basis and first-hand information for appropriate control measure but also for disease eradication and(More)
Classical swine fever virus, bovine viral diarrhea virus (BVDV), and border disease virus can cause serious livestock diseases. The relative synonymous codon usage value, the “effective number of codons” (ENC), the ratio of Ks value to Ka value and the principle component analysis were employed to analyze the genetic characteristics of open reading frame(More)
In this study, an abundant (A+U)% and low codon bias were revealed in duck hepatitis virus type 1 (DHV-1) and the new serotype strains isolated from Taiwan, South Korea and Mainland China (DHV-N). The general correlation between base composition and codon usage bias suggests that mutational pressure rather than natural selection is the main factor that(More)