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PURPOSE BCL2 overexpression is a hallmark of chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL). The novel BH3 mimetic navitoclax (ABT-263) specifically inhibits BCL2 and related proteins BCL-x(l) and BCL-w, potently inducing apoptosis of CLL cells in vitro. A phase I trial in patients with CLL was conducted to evaluate the safety, pharmacokinetics, and biologic activity(More)
Hepatic disposition of 5 (and 6)-carboxy-2',7'-dichlorofluorescein (CDF) and its diacetate promoiety (CDFDA) was studied in isolated perfused rat livers. Livers from Wistar wild-type and multidrug resistance-associated protein (Mrp)2-deficient (TR(-)) rats were perfused with CDF in the presence or absence of probenecid. Probenecid decreased the recovery of(More)
Previous studies have demonstrated that phenobarbital (PB) significantly impairs the biliary excretion of acetaminophen glucuronide (AG) in rats. Studies also suggested that Mrp2 mediates AG biliary excretion, and Mrp3 is involved in AG basolateral export. It was hypothesized that inhibition of Mrp2-mediated AG transport by PB or PB metabolites, and PB(More)
Previous studies have demonstrated that phenobarbital treatment impairs the biliary excretion of acetaminophen glucuronide (AG), although the transport system(s) responsible for AG excretion into bile has not been identified. Initial studies in rat canalicular liver plasma membrane vesicles indicated that AG uptake was stimulated modestly by ATP, but not by(More)
BACKGROUND Proteins of the BCL-2 family regulate clonal selection and survival of lymphocytes, and are frequently overexpressed in lymphomas. Navitoclax is a targeted high-affinity small molecule that inhibits the anti-apoptotic activity of BCL-2 and BCL-XL. We aimed to assess the safety and antitumour activity of navitoclax in patients with lymphoid(More)
OBJECTIVE Our objective was to learn whether genetic polymorphisms of metabolic enzymes or transport proteins provide a mechanistic understanding of the in vivo disposition of atrasentan, a selective endothelin A receptor antagonist. METHODS Atrasentan uptake was measured in HeLa cells transfected to express major alleles of organic anion transporting(More)
Tinnitus is proposed to be caused by decreased central input from the cochlea, followed by increased spontaneous and evoked subcortical activity that is interpreted as compensation for increased responsiveness of central auditory circuits. We compared equally noise exposed rats separated into groups with and without tinnitus for differences in brain(More)
Increasing evidence shows that hearing loss is a risk factor for tinnitus and hyperacusis. Although both often coincide, a causal relationship between tinnitus and hyperacusis has not been shown. Currently, tinnitus and hyperacusis are assumed to be caused by elevated responsiveness in subcortical circuits. We examined both the impact of different degrees(More)
Phenobarbital (PB) induces the hepatic organic anion transporter, Mrp3. The present study tested the hypothesis that Mrp3 induction by PB is mediated by the constitutive androstane receptor (CAR). PB induction of Mrp3 and CYP2B was examined in lean and obese Zucker rats, male and female Wistar Kyoto (WKY) rats, HepG2 and mouse CAR-expressing HepG2 (g2car-3)(More)
MOTIVATION A useful approach to unraveling and understanding complex biological networks is to decompose networks into basic functional and structural units. Recent application of convex analysis to metabolic networks leads to the development of network-based metabolic pathway analysis and the decomposition of metabolic networks into metabolic extreme(More)