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Trehalose plays an important role in metabolic regulation and abiotic stress tolerance in a variety of organisms. In plants, its biosynthesis is catalyzed by two key enzymes: trehalose-6-phosphate synthase (TPS) and trehalose-6-phosphate phosphatase (TPP). The genome of rice (Oryza sativa) contains 11 OsTPS genes, and only OsTPS1 shows TPS activity. To(More)
Trehalose-6-phosphate (T6P), an intermediate in the trehalose biosynthesis pathway, is emerging as an important regulator of plant metabolism and development. T6P levels are potentially modulated by a group of trehalose-6-phosphate synthase (TPS) and trehalose-6-phosphate phosphatase (TPP) homologues. In this study, we have isolated 11 TPS genes encoding(More)
Lead is a ubiquitous environmental and industrial pollutant. Exposure to excessive amounts of lead is especially harmful to the central nervous systems of infants and young children, and oxidative stress has been reported as a major mechanism of lead-induced toxicity. To evaluate the ameliorative potential of antioxidant mangiferin (MGN) on lead-induced(More)
Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is the most common brain malignancy. Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) are aberrantly expressed in many cancers and are involved in their cell proliferation, apoptosis, angiogenesis, and invasion. The functional roles of lncRNAs in GBM are less known. We analyzed a cohort of exon microarray datasets from The Cancer Genome Atlas.(More)
In demyelinating diseases such as multiple sclerosis, one of the treatment strategies includes remyelination using oligodendrocyte precursor cells (OPC). Catalpol, the extract of radix rehmanniae, is neuroprotective. Using an OPC culture model, we showed that 10 μM catalpol promotes OPC proliferation, cell migration and differentiation into mature(More)
The heavy metal cadmium is a non-degradable pollutant. By screening the effects of a panel of metal ions on the phosphatase activity, we unexpectedly identified cadmium as a potent inhibitor of PPM1A and PPM1G. In contrast, low micromolar concentrations of cadmium did not inhibit PP1 or tyrosine phosphatases. Kinetic studies revealed that cadmium inhibits(More)
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