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Mice lacking the voltage-gated potassium channel alpha subunit, K(V)1.1, display frequent spontaneous seizures throughout adult life. In hippocampal slices from homozygous K(V)1.1 null animals, intrinsic passive properties of CA3 pyramidal cells are normal. However, antidromic action potentials are recruited at lower thresholds in K(V)1.1 null slices.(More)
Neuropathic pain is induced by injury or disease of the nervous system. Studies aimed at understanding the molecular pathophysiology of neuropathic pain have so far focused on a few known molecules and signaling pathways in neurons. However, the pathophysiology of neuropathic pain appears to be very complex and remains poorly understood. A global(More)
Repeated treatment of psychotropic drugs produces changes in brain and behavior that far outlast their initial neuropharmacological effects. The nature of persistent drug-induced neural plasticity is of interest because it is thought to contribute to the development of drug dependency and addiction. To determine if chronic morphine treatment alters the(More)
Functional degradation of mammalian visual cortex is associated with aging. It has been hypothesized that much of the decline might be mediated by a degradation of cortical inhibitory system during senescence. In the present work, we compared the properties of adaptation, onset latency and signal-to-noise ratio in primary visual cortex of young and old rats(More)
In localized brain proton MR spectroscopy ((1)H-MRS), metabolites' levels are often expressed as ratios, rather than as absolute concentrations. Frequently, their denominator is the creatine [Cr], which level is explicitly assumed to be stable in normal as well as in many pathologic states. The rationale is that ratios self-correct for imager and(More)
The Na-K-2Cl cotransporter isoform1 (NKCC1) is present in many animal cells where it plays prominent roles in regulating cell volume and maintaining intracellular Cl(-) concentration ([Cl(-)]i) above electrochemical equilibrium. We show here that NKCC1 is present and active in cultured oligodendrocytes. Expression of NKCC1 in the rat spinal cord increased(More)
Voltage-gated K+ channels are localized to juxtaparanodal regions of myelinated axons. To begin to understand the role of normal compact myelin in this localization, we examined mKv1.1 and mKv1.2 expression in the dysmyelinating mouse mutants shiverer and Trembler. In neonatal wild-type and shiverer mice, the focal localization of both proteins in axon(More)
beta-Amyloid peptide (Abeta), the major pathological factor in Alzheimer's disease, has recently been reported to be implicated in the development of glaucoma. In this study, we explored the effect of muscarinic activation on abnormal processing of beta-amyloid precursor protein (APP) induced by a risk factor hypoxia in retinal ganglion cells. Hypoxia(More)
By combining optical triangulation with the comb-fringe technique and dual-channel telemetry, wing kinematics and body attitudes accompanying muscle activities of free-flying male hawkmoths were recorded synchronously when they performed flight manoeuvres elicited by a female sex pheromone. The results indicate that the wing leading edge angular position at(More)
Barnacles are major sessile components of the intertidal areas worldwide, and also one of the most dominant fouling organisms in fouling communities. Larval settlement has a crucial ecological effect not only on the distribution of the barnacle population but also intertidal community structures. However, the molecular mechanisms involved in the transition(More)