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Proteins function mainly through interactions, especially with DNA and other proteins. While some large-scale interaction networks are now available for a number of model organisms, their experimental generation remains difficult. Consequently, interolog mapping--the transfer of interaction annotation from one organism to another using comparative(More)
Hexagonal boron nitride (h-BN), a layered material similar to graphite, is a promising dielectric. Monolayer h-BN, so-called "white graphene", has been isolated from bulk BN and could be useful as a complementary two-dimensional dielectric substrate for graphene electronics. Here we report the large area synthesis of h-BN films consisting of two to five(More)
Community detection has become a fundamental operation in numerous graph-theoretic applications. It is used to reveal natural divisions that exist within real world networks without imposing prior size or cardinality constraints on the set of communities. Despite its potential for application, there is only limited support for community detection on(More)
—A novel analytical framework for evaluating the statistics of the product of independent random variables is proposed. Compared with other methods, which use either infinite series or special functions, the new method provides simple and efficient closed-form approximations, in terms of elementary functions, such as powers and exponentials. Numerical(More)
Since April 2010, a severe outbreak of duck viral infection, with egg drop, feed uptake decline and ovary-oviduct disease, has spread around the major duck-producing regions in China. A new virus, named BYD virus, was isolated in different areas, and a similar disease was reproduced in healthy egg-producing ducks, infecting with the isolated virus. The(More)
Failure due to poor in vivo efficacy is a primary contributor to attrition during the development of new chemotherapeutics. Lead optimization programs that in their quest for efficacy focus solely on improving the affinity of drug-target binding are flawed, since this approach ignores the fluctuations in drug concentration that occur in vivo. Instead the(More)
GRIM-19 was found to copurify with complex I of mitochondrial respiratory chain and subsequently was demonstrated to be involved in complex I assembly and activity. To further understand its function in complex I, we dissected its functional domains by generating a number of deletion, truncation, and point mutants. The mitochondrial localization sequences(More)
Although Zinc depletion induces apoptosis in different cells and tissues, exact mechanism of this action of zinc depletion is not completely understood. In our previous study, the results suggested that the significant down-regulation of MEK/ERK signaling pathway was observed in zinc deficiency neurons. Here, we investigate whether, in hippocampal neurons,(More)
AIM The role of ischemia in the pathogenesis of necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) remains unclear. We used immunohistochemical markers of hypoxia to identify presence/absence of ischemia in NEC and spontaneous intestinal perforation (SIP) with clinical correlation. METHODS Immunohistochemical staining was performed on 24 NEC and 13 SIP intestinal resection(More)
The Gram-negative bacterium Legionella pneumophila is a facultative intracellular pathogen of free-living amoebae and mammalian phagocytes. L. pneumophila is engulfed in phagosomes that initially avoid fusion with lysosomes. The phagosome associates with endoplasmic reticulum (ER) and mitochondria and eventually resembles ER. The morphological similarity of(More)