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Protein kinase CK2 is frequently elevated in a variety of human cancers. The Hedgehog (Hh) signaling pathway has been implicated in stem cell maintenance, and its aberrant activation has been indicated in several types of cancer, including lung cancer. In this study, we show that CK2 is positively involved in Hh/Gli signaling in lung cancer cell lines A549(More)
PURPOSE In previous studies, some disagreements regarding the nature (inner or outer arachnoid membrane) and lateral boundaries (temporal uncus or tentorial edge) of Liliequist's membrane remain. The aim was to clarify whether Liliequist's membrane is an inner or outer arachnoid membrane, and the distribution of Liliequist's membrane with emphasis on its(More)
Vascular tissues are very important for providing both mechanical strength and long-distance transport. The molecular mechanisms of regulation of vascular tissue development are still not fully understood. In this study we identified ANAC005 as a membrane-associated NAC family transcription factor that regulates vascular tissue development. Reporter gene(More)
Smoking is well known as a risk factor for esophageal cancer, but controversial as a prognostic factor. Moreover, evidence is scarce that a dose-response relationship exists. We conducted a retrospective study on the effect and dose-response relationship of prediagnostic smoking on the postoperative disease-specific survival of patients with lymph(More)
Lung cancer has become the leading cause of cancer-related death worldwide. However, treatment failures still represent enormous challenges, and it is doubtful whether standard treatment modalities could continuously achieve substantial improvements. As one of the novel therapy strategies, PD-L1 has been shown the function of down-regulating T cell(More)
AIM To study the expression of β-catenin in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) at stage T2-3N0M0 and its relation with the prognosis of ESCC patients. METHODS Expression of β-catenin in 227 ESCC specimens was detected by immunohistochemistry (IHC). A reproducible semi-quantitative method which takes both staining percentage and intensity into(More)
The pro-apoptotic effect of nitric oxide (NO) has been reported both in vivo and in vitro. Previous studies have revealed that NO, especially which produced by inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS), has an important effect on apoptosis of neurons in spinal cord ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury. To investigate the role of iNOS in this process, a(More)
Lung cancer, especially non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), represents enormous challenges in continuously achieving treatment improvements. Besides cancer, obesity is becoming ever more prevalent. Obesity is increasingly acknowledged as a major risk factor for several types of common cancers. Significant mechanisms overlap in the pathobiology of obesity(More)
BACKGROUND Esophageal carcinosarcoma is a rare kind of malignancy, and how to identify the patients with poor prognosis is critical for improving treatment efficacy and survival outcome. METHODS The clinical characteristics, pathologic features, treatments, and outcomes of esophageal carcinosarcoma were analyzed in 33 patients. Meanwhile, we hypothesized(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE Surgery is the main therapy for patients with stage II non small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), but patients still have an unsatisfactory prognosis even though complete resection is usually possible. Adjuvant chemotherapy provides low rates of clinical benefit as well. We retrospectively analyzed prognostic factors of patients with(More)