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In previous studies, some disagreements regarding the nature (inner or outer arachnoid membrane) and lateral boundaries (temporal uncus or tentorial edge) of Liliequist’s membrane remain. The aim was to clarify whether Liliequist’s membrane is an inner or outer arachnoid membrane, and the distribution of Liliequist’s membrane with emphasis on its lateral(More)
PURPOSE Approximately 30% of patients with stage IB non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) die within 5 years after surgery. Current staging methods are inadequate for predicting the prognosis of this particular subgroup. This study identifies prognostic markers for NSCLC. PATIENTS AND METHODS We used computer-generated random numbers to study 148(More)
Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the third leading cause of cancer-related death in the world. Human colorectal carcinogenesis is a complex, multistep and multigenetic process. Cyclooxygenase-2 (COX2), a key enzyme in arachidonic acid metabolism, is overexpressed in several epithelial malignancies including colorectal cancer. COX2 expression can be induced by(More)
Mobile commerce (m-commerce) refers to the conduct of business using wireless devices and communications. Driven by the success of e-commerce and impressive progress in wireless technologies, m-commerce is rapidly taking place in the business forefront. However, most of the concepts developed for ecommerce may not be easily applicable to wireless(More)
Ethernet technologies are rapidly becoming a dominant solution for carriers’ networks. Ethernet ring protection switching, defined in ITU-T G.8032 recommendation, provides a means to reliably achieve carrier-class network requirements for Ethernet topologies forming a closed loop. This article outlines an Ethernet ring protection switching mechanism and(More)
The growth pattern of craniopharyngiomas (CP) is yet to be understood due to challenges arising from the diversity of morphological features that exist. This in turn has had implications on the development of safe surgical strategies for management of these lesions. The aim of this study is to propose a morphological classification of CP based on their(More)
Metastatic soft tissue sarcomas (STS) represent enormous challenges to improve the low survival rate, which is almost the same as past 2 decades ago, although surgery, radiotherapy and radiofrequency ablation has been accepted in the treatment of metastatic STS. Moreover, STS varies between elderly and younger victims in the aspect of diagnoses, prognosis,(More)
AIM To study the expression of β-catenin in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) at stage T2-3N0M0 and its relation with the prognosis of ESCC patients. METHODS Expression of β-catenin in 227 ESCC specimens was detected by immunohistochemistry (IHC). A reproducible semi-quantitative method which takes both staining percentage and intensity into(More)
Protein kinase CK2 is frequently elevated in a variety of human cancers. The Hedgehog (Hh) signaling pathway has been implicated in stem cell maintenance, and its aberrant activation has been indicated in several types of cancer, including lung cancer. In this study, we show that CK2 is positively involved in Hh/Gli signaling in lung cancer cell lines A549(More)