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The pro-apoptotic effect of nitric oxide (NO) has been reported both in vivo and in vitro. Previous studies have revealed that NO, especially which produced by inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS), has an important effect on apoptosis of neurons in spinal cord ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury. To investigate the role of iNOS in this process, a(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of the present study was to analyze the expression of Zinc finger E-box Binding homeobox 2 (ZEB2) in glioma and to explore the molecular mechanisms of ZEB2 that regulate cell proliferation, migration, invasion, and apoptosis. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS Expression of ZEB2 in 90 clinicopathologically characterized glioma patients was(More)
PURPOSE The growth pattern of craniopharyngiomas (CP) is yet to be understood due to challenges arising from the diversity of morphological features that exist. This in turn has had implications on the development of safe surgical strategies for management of these lesions. The aim of this study is to propose a morphological classification of CP based on(More)
The success of using glycolytic inhibitors for cancer treatment relies on better understanding the roles of each frequently deregulated glycolytic genes in cancer. This report analyzed the involvement of a key glycolytic enzyme, alpha-enolase (ENO1), in tumor progression and prognosis of human glioma. ENO1 expression levels were examined in glioma tissues(More)
Protein kinase CK2 is frequently elevated in a variety of human cancers. The Hedgehog (Hh) signaling pathway has been implicated in stem cell maintenance, and its aberrant activation has been indicated in several types of cancer, including lung cancer. In this study, we show that CK2 is positively involved in Hh/Gli signaling in lung cancer cell lines A549(More)
OBJECTIVE To describe in as much detail as possible the method for ablating the ventromedial shell of the nucleus accumbens (NAc) and investigate the efficacy and safety of the ablation treatment. METHODS Sixty-five patients with drug addictions received operations within the time frame from 2004 to 2009. The ablation targets were located in the bilateral(More)
Protein kinase CK2 is frequently elevated in a variety of human cancers. The Notch1 signalling pathway has been implicated in stem cell maintenance and its aberrant activation has been shown in several types of cancer including lung cancer. Here, we show, for the first time, that CK2α is a positive regulator of Notch1 signalling in lung cancer cell lines(More)
Edaravone, a free radical scavenger, has shown neuroprotection properties in both animals and humans. To evaluate the mechanisms involved, we obtained a culture of almost pure neurons. The neurons, either untreated or prophylactically treated with edaravone, were exposed to 300 μM hydrogen peroxide. We examined alterations in mitochondria, the percent of(More)
Vascular tissues are very important for providing both mechanical strength and long-distance transport. The molecular mechanisms of regulation of vascular tissue development are still not fully understood. In this study we identified ANAC005 as a membrane-associated NAC family transcription factor that regulates vascular tissue development. Reporter gene(More)
As a potent novel free radical scavenger, edaravone has been reported to have neuroprotective effects in both animals and humans, although the underlying mechanisms remain unclear. In our study, we generated a culture of almost pure neurons, which were either left untreated or prophylactically treated with edaravone, then exposed to 50 μM glutamate for 10(More)