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Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) are a group of RNA transcripts that exceed 200 nt in length, yet lack significant open reading frames (ORFs) [1–4]. In contrast to small non-coding RNAs (ncRNAs), such as microRNAs (miR-NAs) [4–23], small interfering RNAs (siRNAs) [24–31] and transfer RNAs (tRNAs) [32–34], there are thousands of lncRNA genes discovered during(More)
Parkinson's disease (PD), the second most common age-related neurodegenerative disease, is characterized by loss of dopaminergic and nondopaminergic neurons, leading to a variety of motor and nonmotor symptoms. In addition to environmental factors, genetic predisposition and specific gene mutations have been shown to play an important role in the(More)
In this paper, we consider the problem of secure communications for a four-node system consisting of one source, one destination, one eavesdropper, and one helper. We investigate the question of which role should the helper act to improve the secrecy, to jam, or to relay. Two transmission schemes are investigated: (1) direct transmission scheme (DTS) with(More)
Recently, the rs3129882 variant in intron 1 of HLA-DRA was found to be associated with late-onset sporadic Parkinson disease (PD) in Americans of European ancestry. To evaluate whether the same variant is related to PD in Chinese population, we investigated late-onset sporadic PD patients of Chinese Han ethanicity in Mainland China. We found significant(More)
Essential tremor (ET), the cause of which remains poorly understood, is one of the most common neurological disorders. While environmental agents have been proposed to play a role, genetic factors are believed to contribute to its onset. Thus far, three gene loci (ETM1 on 3q13, ETM2 on 2p24.1 and a locus on 6p23) have been identified in patients and(More)
The neurodegenerative diseases are a diverse group of disorders characterized by progressive loss of specific groups of neurons. These diseases affect different populations, and have a variable age of onset, clinical symptoms, and pathological findings. Variants in the FUS gene, which encodes an RNA-binding protein, have been identified as causative or risk(More)
Parkinson disease is one of the most common neurodegenerative diseases associated with aging. At least 18 genetic loci and 13 disease-related genes for parkinsonism have been identified. Among them, PARK15 -associated parkinsonism, also referred to as parkinsonian-pyramidal disease (PPD), was found to be caused by mutations in the F-box only protein 7 gene(More)
Tourette syndrome is a complex neurological disorder that usually becomes evident between 4 and 18 years of age. The disorder is characterized by chronic motor and phonic tics, often with a variety of behavioural comorbidities; in particular, attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder, and impulse control disorder. The cause of(More)
Brain calcification is a common neuroimaging finding in patients with neurological, metabolic, or developmental disorders, mitochondrial diseases, infectious diseases, traumatic or toxic history, as well as in otherwise normal older people. Patients with brain calcification may exhibit movement disorders, seizures, cognitive impairment, and a variety of(More)
Growing evidences show that genetic abnormalities play an important role in the etiopathogenesis of Parkinson disease (PD). At least 18 genetic loci and 13 disease-related genes for parkinsonism have been identified. Recently, the p.Ala502Val and p.Arg1205His variants in the eukaryotic translation initiation factor 4-gamma 1 gene (EIF4G1) were found to be(More)