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The neurodegenerative diseases are a diverse group of disorders characterized by progressive loss of specific groups of neurons. These diseases affect different populations, and have a variable age of onset, clinical symptoms, and pathological findings. Variants in the FUS gene, which encodes an RNA-binding protein, have been identified as causative or risk(More)
Parkinson's disease is the second most common neurodegenerative disorder without effective treatment. It is generally sporadic with unknown etiology. However, genetic studies of rare familial forms have led to the identification of mutations in several genes, which are linked to typical Parkinson's disease or parkinsonian disorders. The pathogenesis of(More)
In addition to the G2019S mutation in the leucine-rich repeat kinase 2 gene (LRRK2), which is particularly frequent in patients of Ashkenazi Jewish and Northern African origin, three amino acid substitutions (R1441C, R1441G, and R1441H), all at the same residue (R1441), have been identified as important genetic causes of Parkinson disease (PD). To evaluate(More)
PTEN-induced kinase 1 (PINK1) is a recently identified gene, mutations of which cause levodopa-responsive parkinsonism. An over-expression of wild-type PINK1 protects neurons from stress-induced mitochondrial dysfunction and apoptosis. We studied the effects of PINK1 suppression using small interfering RNA (siRNA), which can inhibit PINK1 mRNA expression up(More)
Familial essential tremor (ET), the most common inherited movement disorder, is generally transmitted as an autosomal dominant trait. A genome-wide scan for ET revealed one major locus on chromosome 3q13. Here, we report that the Ser9Gly variant in the dopamine D(3) receptor gene (DRD3), localized on 3q13.3, is associated and cosegregates with familial ET(More)
Nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) poses one of the serious health problems in southern Chinese, with an incidence rate ranging from 15 to 50/100,000. Chromosome translocation t(1;3) and frequent loss of heterogeneity on short arms of chromosome 3 and 9 have been reported to be associated with NPC, and a genome-wide scan identified an NPC susceptibility locus(More)
NURR1 is a transcription factor essential for the development, survival, and functional maintenance of midbrain dopaminergic (DAergic) neurons and NURR1 is a potential susceptibility gene for Parkinson's disease (PD). To determine whether NURR1 gene expression is altered in patients with PD, we measured its expression in human peripheral blood lymphocytes(More)
OBJECTIVE Pathologists having drawn attention to the morphological and functional characteristics of invasive tumor front (ITF), we attempted to investigate the difference of E-cadherin expression between the ITF and center/superficial part as well as the prognostic value of E-cadherin expression at the ITF. STUDY DESIGN We performed a retrospective(More)
Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) have emerged as a major regulator of cancer. Significant fraction of lncRNAs is represented on widely used microarray platforms; however, many of which have no known function. To discover novel lung cancer-related lncRNAs, we analyzed the lncRNA expression patterns in five sets of previously published lung cancer gene(More)