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Using the yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae) two-hybrid system and a potato (Solanum tuberosum) KNOX protein, designated POTH1, as bait, we have identified seven distinct interacting proteins from a stolon library of potato. All seven cDNAs are members of the BEL1-like family of transcription factors. Among these proteins, there are at least four regions of(More)
Cognitive radio (CR) has emerged as a solution to the problem of spectrum scarcity as it exploits transmission opportunities in the under-utilized spectrum bands of primary users. Collaborative (or distributed) spectrum sensing has been shown to have various advantages in terms of spectrum utilization and robustness. The data fusion scheme is a key(More)
Summary Two interacting three amino acid loop extension (TALE) proteins of potato, StBEL5 (Solanum tuberosom BEL 5) and POTH1 (potato homeobox 1), mediate developmental processes by regulating phytohormone levels. Overexpression of either partner alone increased tuber yields by lowering gibberellin (GA) levels and increasing cytokinins. Gel shift assays(More)
Seed germination is regulated by endogenous hormonal cues and external environmental stimuli such as water, low temperature, and light. After germination, the young seedling must rapidly establish its root system and the photoautotrophic capability appropriate to its surrounding environment. Light and the phytohormone abscisic acid (ABA) both regulate seed(More)
The problem of reducing the probability of decision error of an existing binary receiver that is suboptimal using the ideas of stochastic resonance is solved. The optimal probability density function of the random variable that should be added to the input is found to be a Dirac delta function, and hence, the optimal random variable is a constant. The(More)
Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) are vulnerable to Byzantine attacks in which malicious sensors send falsified information to the Fusion Center (FC) with the goal of degrading inference performance. In this paper, we consider Byzantine attacks for the location estimation task in WSNs using binary quantized data. Posterior Cramér-Rao Lower Bound(More)
Behavioral studies have demonstrated that both medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC) and cerebellum play critical roles in trace eyeblink conditioning. However, little is known regarding the mechanism by which the two brain regions interact. By use of electrical stimulation of the caudal mPFC as a conditioned stimulus, we show evidence that persistent outputs(More)
Grapholita molesta (Busck) is a worldwide insect pest damaging stone and pome fruits. High temperature can significantly affect insect survival, development and fecundity. Heat shock protein (Hsp) genes were speculated to possess a pivotal function in response to high temperature stress. In this study, two full-length Hsp genes, Gmhsp90 and Gmhsp70, were(More)
Sox2 regulates the self-renewal of multiple types of stem cells. Recent studies suggest it also plays oncogenic roles in the formation of squamous carcinoma in several organs, including the esophagus where Sox2 is predominantly expressed in the basal progenitor cells of the stratified epithelium. Here, we use mouse genetic models to reveal a mechanism by(More)