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The nuclear receptor PPARalpha is activated by drugs to treat human disorders of lipid metabolism. Its endogenous ligand is unknown. PPARalpha-dependent gene expression is impaired with inactivation of fatty acid synthase (FAS), suggesting that FAS is involved in generation of a PPARalpha ligand. Here we demonstrate the FAS-dependent presence of a(More)
Curcumin, a major yellow pigment and spice in turmeric and curry, is a powerful anti-cancer agent. The anti-tumor activities of curcumin include inhibition of tumor proliferation, angiogenesis, invasion and metastasis, induction of tumor apoptosis, increase of chemotherapy sensitivity, and regulation of cell cycle and cancer stem cell, indicating that(More)
We investigated the effects of troglitazone on human cervical cancer SiHa cells and its mechanisms of action. SiHa cells were incubated with different concentrations of troglitazone (100, 200, or 400 μg/mL) for 24, 48, and 72 hours. Cell viability was measured by 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl) 2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay; cell cycle and(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to build a video endoscopic inguinal lymphadenectomy (VEIL) via the 3-incision superolateral inguinal approach and explore the feasibility and significance of this method for vulvar cancer. METHODS Thirty-seven patients with vulvar cancer who underwent VEIL via the 3-incision superolateral inguinal approach were(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS The aim of this study was to develop a novel model by transplanting human bladder cancer xenografts into humanized immunodeficient mice (SCID). METHODS The animals first underwent sublethal irradiation and then were subjected to simultaneous transplantation of human lymphocytes (5 × 10⁷ cells/mouse i.p.) and human bladder cancer cells (3 ×(More)
BACKGROUND Emerging evidence suggests that curcumin can overcome drug resistance to classical chemotherapies, but poor bioavailability and low absorption have limited its clinical use and the mechanisms remain unclear. Also, Adriamycin (Adr) is one of the most active cytotoxic agents in breast cancer; however, the high resistant rate of Adr leads to a poor(More)
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