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Arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy (ARVC) is an inheritable myocardial disorder associated with fibrofatty replacement of myocardium and ventricular arrhythmia. A subset of ARVC is categorized as Naxos disease, which is characterized by ARVC and a cutaneous disorder. A homozygous loss-of-function mutation of the Plakoglobin (Jup) gene, which(More)
Human mutations in Nkx2-5 lead to progressive cardiomyopathy and conduction defects via unknown mechanisms. To define these pathways, we generated mice with a ventricular-restricted knockout of Nkx2-5, which display no structural defects but have progressive complete heart block, and massive trabecular muscle overgrowth found in some patients with Nkx2-5(More)
Developing myocardial cells respond to signals from the endocardial layer to form a network of trabeculae that characterize the ventricles of the vertebrate heart. Abnormal myocardial trabeculation results in specific cardiomyopathies in humans and yet trabecular development is poorly understood. We show that trabeculation requires Brg1, a chromatin(More)
RATIONALE FK506 binding protein (FKBP)12 is a known cis-trans peptidyl prolyl isomerase and highly expressed in the heart. Its role in regulating postnatal cardiac function remains largely unknown. METHODS AND RESULTS We generated FKBP12 overexpressing transgenic (αMyHC-FKBP12) mice and cardiomyocyte-restricted FKBP12 conditional knockout(More)
BACKGROUND Doxorubicin is used to treat childhood and adult cancer. Doxorubicin treatment is associated with both acute and chronic cardiotoxicity. The cardiotoxic effects of doxorubicin are cumulative, which limits its chemotherapeutic dose. Free radical generation and p53-dependent apoptosis are thought to contribute to doxorubicin-induced cardiotoxicity.(More)
4 f D D De e ept o o of Ph Ph Phy ys y iology y y a a and B Bioph h hy ys y ics, , , C C Cor o ne ell ll ll U U Un ni n ver rsit t ty W We e eill M M Me edi ica a al C Col l lleg ge, N New w w Y Abstract Background—ȕ-adrenergic receptors (ȕARs) play paradoxical roles in the heart. On one hand,
Mammalian cardiomyocytes undergo a critical hyperplastic-to-hypertrophic growth transition at early postnatal age, which is important in establishing normal physiological function of postnatal hearts. In the current study, we intended to explore the role of long non-coding (lnc) RNAs in this transitional stage. We analyzed lncRNA expression profiles in(More)
BACKGROUND Dobutamine is commonly used for clinical management of heart failure and its pharmacological effects have long been investigated as inotropics via β-receptor activation. However, there is no electrophysiological evidence if dobutamine contributes inotropic action due at least partially to the reverse mode of Na+-Ca2+ exchanger (NCX) activation.(More)