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The role of cytokines in the pathogenesis of brain injury and their relation to neurological outcomes of asphyxiated neonates is not fully defined. We hypothesize that interleukin-1 beta (IL-1beta), interleukin-6 (IL-6) and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) correlate with the severity of brain injury and can predict(More)
OBJECTIVE The goal was to examine biochemical, neurophysiologic, anatomic, and clinical changes associated with erythropoietin administration to neonates with hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE). METHODS We conducted a prospective case-control study with 45 neonates in 3 groups, a normal healthy group (N = 15), a HIE-erythropoietin group (N = 15;(More)
BACKGROUND Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is a polypeptide growth factor that is activated by tissue hypoxia. The role of VEGF in perinatal asphyxia in human neonates is yet to be clarified. In infants who develop moderate to severe acute hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) it is crucial to clearly understand physiologic and biochemical changes(More)
OBJECTIVE The excitatory amino acids (EAA); glutamate and aspartate are released into the cerebrospinal fluids (CSF) of asphyxiated newborns. The objectives of this study were: (a) to examine the relation of the concentration of EAA in the CSF with the degree of brain injury, (b) To determine the time of the release of these EAA into the CSF, and (c) to(More)
OBJECTIVE To review reported neurodevelopmental outcome data for patients with congenital heart disease, identify risk factors for adverse neurodevelopmental sequelae and summarize potential neuromonitoring strategies that have been described. METHODS A Medline search was performed utilizing combinations of the keywords congenital heart, cardiac,(More)
BACKGROUND Bloodstream infection (BSI) is a significant cause of morbidity and death encountered in the NICU. The rates of BSIs vary significantly in NICUs across the nation. However, no attempt has been made to correlate this variation with specific infection-control practices and policies. We experienced a significant increase in BSIs in the NICU at the(More)
Over the decades, the evolution of neonatology has been a continuum. After intense focus on cardiac and respiratory support, now more time, effort and research are concerned about brain development of the term and preterm infants. There is no single standardized neurodevelopmental assessment tool that can be advocated for infants in the neonatal intensive(More)
The role of complement in neonatal hypoxic-ischemic brain injury is not known. Therefore, cerebral spinal fluid (CSF) and post-mortem cerebral tissue were analyzed to determine whether complement is activated and complement component 9 (C9) is deposited on neurons in the central nervous systems (CNS) of newborn infants who developed moderate to severe(More)
BACKGROUND The impact of mechanical ventilation on the incidence of intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants is unknown, simply because the vast majority of these infants have been routinely intubated and mechanically ventilated. There is a growing interest in the use of early nasal continuous positive airway pressure(More)
Hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) is a major cause of neonatal morbidity and mortality. Electroencephalography (EEG) and brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) are frequently performed in these infants, but the prognostic value of the combined use of EEG and MRI needs additional exploration. The purpose of this study was to investigate, in neonates with(More)