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The diseases caused by thrips-transmitted tospoviruses (genus Tospovirus, family Bunyaviridae) are a major constraint to production of important vegetable, legume and ornamental crops in different parts of the world. Tospoviruses are characterized by having tripartite RNA genomes and utilizing both negative and ambisense genome expression strategies. Their(More)
The citrus tristeza closterovirus (CTV) RNA genome was cloned as cDNA generated from both CTV-specific double-stranded RNA and genomic RNA, and the sequence of the 3' 7292 nucleotides was determined. The sequenced portion contained eight open reading frames potentially encoding, in the 5' to 3' direction, proteins with the apparent molecular weights of 65,(More)
'Universal' degenerate oligonucleotide primers were used to amplify cDNA sequences containing the 3' untranslated region (3' UTR) and a portion of the coat protein gene sequence of dasheen mosaic potyvirus (DMV). These primers were based on the conserved WCIEN and QMKAAA 'boxes' of the potyviral coat protein and the poly-A tail found at the 3' end of the(More)
The 3'-terminal region of a Florida isolate of dasheen mosaic potyvirus (DMV-LA) genome including the coat protein (CP) gene was cloned and sequenced. Protease digestion was predicted to occur between the glutamine and alanine residues at positions 79 and 80 of the 408 residue long polypeptide to produce a CP of 329 amino acids with an estimated M(r) of(More)
Tomato spotted wilt virus (TSWV) is an economically important virus of flue-cured tobacco. Activation of systemic acquired resistance (SAR) by acibenzolar-S-methyl (ASM) in flue-cured tobacco was studied under greenhouse conditions by challenge inoculation with a severe isolate of TSWV. ASM restricted virus replication and movement, and as a result reduced(More)
Citrus tristeza virus (CTV) specific RNAs extracted from infected citrus tissue were analyzed by Northern blot hybridization. RNAs were characterized by size and identified using cDNA probes specific to nine open reading frames (ORFs) identified by the analysis of sequence obtained from cDNA clones of the T36 isolate of CTV. Sequence specific cDNA probes(More)
BACKGROUND Viral small RNAs (vsiRNAs) in the infected host can be generated from viral double-stranded RNA replicative intermediates, self-complementary regions of the viral genome or from the action of host RNA-dependent RNA polymerases on viral templates. The vsiRNA abundance and profile as well as the endogenous small RNA population can vary between(More)
Tospoviruses cause serious economic losses to a wide range of field and horticultural crops on a global scale. The NSs gene encoded by tospoviruses acts as a suppressor of host plant defense. We identified amino acid motifs that are conserved in all of the NSs proteins of tospoviruses for which the sequence is known. Using tomato spotted wilt virus (TSWV)(More)
Iris yellow spot virus (IYSV), a tentative virus species in the genus Tospovirus and family Bunyaviridae, is considered a rapidly emerging threat to onion production in the western United States (US). The present study was undertaken to determine the sequence diversity of IYSV isolates from infected onion plants grown in California, Colorado, Idaho, Oregon,(More)
Deep sequencing technology has enabled the analysis of small RNA profiles of virus-infected plants and could provide insights into virus-host interactions. Potato virus Y is an economically important viral pathogen of potato worldwide. In this study, we investigated the nature and relative levels of virus-derived small interfering RNAs (vsiRNAs) in potato(More)