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The aim of this article is to introduce the robotic orthosis Lokomat, developed to automate treadmill training rehabilitation of locomotion for spinal cord injured and stroke patients, to the Functional Electrical Stimulation (FES) and Neuromodulation research communities, and to report on our newly conducted research. We first illustrate the primary use of(More)
Femoral ball heads made of aluminium or zirconium oxide ceramics are used for total hip replacement. This application is based on their attractive tribological properties. Standard and state-of-the-art with good wear properties are femoral ball heads made of alumina (Al2O3) articulating against polyethylene (PE-UHMW) acetabular cups (since 1974) and(More)
Femoral ball heads of aluminium oxide or zirconium oxide ceramics are used for total hip replacement. This application is based on their attractive tribological properties. Standard and state-of-the-art are femoral ball heads made of alumina (Al2O3) articulating against acetabular cups of polyethylene (PE-UHMW) and zirconia (Y-TZP) heads articulating(More)
The biomechanical properties of cryopreserved, autoclaved, irradiated and chemically treated cortical bone harvested from rat tibiae were evaluated in three-point bending. Biomechanical parameters (maximum bending load, deflection, failure energy and stiffness) are not altered by cryopreservation (-70 degrees C, 28 days) or irradiation with doses of 1 kGy(More)
Wear debris is the main reason for aseptic loosening in total hip. Most troublesome is the wear of polyethylene cups. Ceramic femoral heads were introduced about 20 years ago. The combination ceramic-on-polyethylene reduces the wear rate and the loosening rate. But cups of polyethylene are still the weakest link in a hip prosthesis. Carbon fibre reinforced(More)
Hip simulator trials were conducted to determine the initial wear between alumina femoral heads and carbon fibre reinforced plastic (CFRP, CAPROMAN) insert in a titanium socket. A force of 2500 N and a frequency of 0.857 H were applied. Using surface and sphericity measurement techniques, the amount of wear was determined. After 500,000 cycles, the centre(More)
The reconstruction of the anterior cruciate ligament deficient knee with the patellar tendon is the "gold standard". Dislocation of the patella, rupture of the patellar tendon and fracture of the patella were reported to occur. In this biomechanical investigation on the changes of the patellar tendon following harvesting of a graft, 51 sheep knee underwent(More)
The aim of the study was to investigate the biomechanical properties of segmental cortical autografts subjected to extracorporeal treatment. For this purpose, 12 beagle dogs were submitted to tibial osteotomy, when 25 mm-long diaphyseal segments of bone were removed and treated outside the body by autoclaving or gamma radiation (Co, 5 kGy). Subsequently,(More)
Carbon fiber reinforced plastics (CFRP) are used in the medical field when high mechanical strength, innovative design, and radiolucency (see spinal fusion implants) are needed. During the manufacturing process of the material CFRP carbon fibers are embedded into a resin matrix. This resin material could be thermoset (e.g., epoxy resin EPN/DDS) or(More)