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The incidence of a new, yet unassigned toxin type of Clostridium perfringens containing the genes for the alpha-toxin and the recently described beta2-toxin in horses with intestinal disorders is reported. The study included 18 horses suffering from typical typhlocolitis, 7 horses with atypical typhlocolitis, 16 horses with other intestinal disorders, and(More)
Functional and morphologic heterogeneity of human multinodular goiters was investigated in 300 samples from "cold" and "hot" regions of 20 goiters transplanted onto nude mice. Transplants were labeled with [3H]thymidine and radioiodine, while the host's thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) secretion was either stimulated or suppressed. Proliferation and(More)
Immunoglobulin E antibody (IgE) levels against four recombinant (r) mould allergens (r-Aspergillus fumigatus [rAsp f] 7, 8 and 9; r-Alternaria alternata 1 [rAlta1]) and crude mould (Aspergillus fumigatus, Alternaria alternata, Penicillium notatum) and storage mite extracts were determined by ELISA in sera from 24 pulmonary sound control horses and 26 horses(More)
OBJECTIVE Because of known significant seasonal fluctuations of iodine concentration in cow's milk (ICM) in Switzerland (winter/summer (w/s) ICM ratio averages 5.6), we looked for seasonal variations and familial aspects in urinary iodine and sodium concentrations (UIC, UNaC). DESIGN : Prospective sequential cohort investigation. SETTING University(More)
Despite the central role that dendritic cells (DC) play in immune regulation and antigen presentation, little is known about porcine DC. In this study, two sources of DC were employed. Bone marrow haematopoietic cell-derived DC (BM-DC) were generated using granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) in the presence or absence of tumour(More)
A sensitive and reproducible procedure for the detection of soluble immune complexes in sera from patients with various immunopathological disorders is reported. Radiolabeled C1q is reacted with sera containing immune complexes. Separation of free from complex bound [(125)I]C1q is achieved by selective precipitation with polyethylene glycol (PEG). The(More)
With advancing age, 60-80% of the follicles of the mouse thyroid gland turn "cold", i.e. they lose their normal capacity to iodinate thyroglobulin (Tgb). Cold follicles are morphologically characterized by their large size, by deeply periodic acid-Schiff-stained colloid and by flat epithelial cells. We investigated the hypothesis that a progressive,(More)
The prominent characteristics of euthyroid and hyperthyroid human nodular goiters are the regional variability of iodine metabolism and the appearance of "hot" autonomous follicles. No explanation for the pathogenesis of the interfollicular heterogeneity of iodine turnover has yet been offered. We have investigated whether the recently demonstrated(More)
Despite sufficient iodine supply, goiter continues to be of considerable surgical significance in formerly endemic countries. It now appears that iodine deficiency and increased thyrotropin stimulation are not the only causes of goiter. Xenotransplantation of human thyroid tissue onto nude mice allowed study of the regulation of growth and function in human(More)