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The synucleinopathy, idiopathic Parkinson's disease, is a multisystem disorder that involves only a few predisposed nerve cell types in specific regions of the human nervous system. The intracerebral formation of abnormal proteinaceous Lewy bodies and Lewy neurites begins at defined induction sites and advances in a topographically predictable sequence. As(More)
Language-relevant processing of auditory signals is lateralized and involves the posterior part of Brodmann area 22. We found that the functional lateralization in this area was accompanied by interhemispheric differences in the organization of the intrinsic microcircuitry. Neuronal tract tracing revealed a modular network of long-range intrinsic(More)
Alzheimer's disease results from severe cytoskeletal alterations in only a few neuronal types within the human central nervous system. These intraneuronal changes take the form of neurofibrillary tangles and neuropil threads. Beginning in predisposed induction sites in the allocortex, the lesions follow a predictable sequence as they engulf other(More)
Diffuse axonal injury (DAI) is considered to be the morphological correlate of traumatic brain injury as seen in acceleration/deceleration trauma and is believed to be the main cause for a poor clinical outcome in the absence of detectable intracranial lesions. To estimate the overall incidence of DAI, and since most changes are only seen microscopically to(More)
Alzheimer's disease is an immutably progressing dementing disorder. Its major pathologic hallmark is the gradual development of neurofibrillary changes in a few susceptible nerve cell types. The cortical changes do not occur inevitably with advancing age. Once the disease has begun, spontaneous recovery or remissions are not observed. The initial changes(More)
Parkinson's disease (PD) is a multisystem disorder in which predisposed neuronal types in specific regions of the human peripheral, enteric, and central nervous systems become progressively involved. A staging procedure for the PD-related inclusion body pathology (i.e., Lewy neurites and Lewy bodies) in the brain proposes that the pathological process(More)
The optic chiasm with its complex fiber micro-structure is a challenge for diffusion tensor models and tractography methods. Likewise, it is an ideal candidate for evaluation of diffusion tensor imaging tractography approaches in resolving inter-regional connectivity because the macroscopic connectivity of the optic chiasm is well known. Here,(More)
Despite several previous attempts, histological validation of diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (DW-MRI)-based tractography as true axonal fiber pathways remains difficult. In the present study, we establish a method to compare histological and tractography data precisely enough for statements on the level of single tractography pathways. To(More)
OBJECTIVES This study aimed to evaluate the possibility of predicting radiologically the scalar localization of a 31.5-mm-long, free-fitting electrode carrier for cochlear implantation, using conventional planar computed tomography. STUDY DESIGN A cross-sectional human temporal bone study was conducted. SETTING Twenty human temporal bones were acquired(More)