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Researchers have been working to understand the factors that may be contributing to low rates of participation by women and other minorities in the computer and information sciences (CIS). We describe a multivariate investigation of male and female university students&#8217; orientation to CIS careers. We focus on the roles of <i>self-efficacy</i> and(More)
We report an exploratory study of the impacts of design planning on end users asked to develop a simple interactive web application. Some participants were asked to create a conceptual map to plan their projects and others to write scenarios; a third group was asked to do whatever they found useful. We describe the planning that each group underwent, how(More)
We describe work on developing workshop activities that are part of <i>wConnect</i>, a project that is building an online community of women in computer and information science. The workshops are designed <i>by</i> college women <i>for</i> high school girls, with hands-on construction of dynamic web sites. Because of limited workshop time, the activities(More)
We describe our work on seeding and building a developmental learning community for recruiting and retaining women in educational programs and careers related to computing and information science (CIS). Our approach is explicitly participatory: we work with young women to better understand how they view and approach CIS and to build activities that may(More)
We describe our work on seeding and building a developmental learning community for recruiting and retaining women in educational programs and careers related to computing and information science (CIS). Our approach is explicitly participatory: we work with young women to better understand how they view and approach CIS and to build activities that may(More)
We report an empirical study of nonprogrammers who built a database-centered web application using an end-user web development tool. Half of the users spent time planning their project by creating a concept map before starting the programming; across planning conditions, half of the users were males and half female. Participants who did concept mapping or(More)
In spite of comparable levels of computer access and use by males and females at home and school, women continue to be underrepresented in careers and education related to the computer and information sciences. In this paper, we describe outreach activities taking place within the wConnect project, a research effort aimed at building a developmental(More)
E-Rate is a U.S. federal funding program for providing discounts for telecommunications, Internet access and internal networking costs for schools and libraries to ensure access equity across poor and rich, rural, urban and suburban areas, and highly served and underserved areas. This paper examines the impact of the E-Rate program on social equity and(More)