Hans van Dam

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The major regulators of the c-jun promoter are ATF-2 and c-Jun. They act as pre-bound heterodimers on two 'AP-1-like' sites, and are preferentially addressed by different types of extracellular signals. The transactivating potential of ATF-2 is stimulated to a higher extent than that of c-Jun by a broad group of agents causing DNA damage and other types of(More)
Establishment of a nitrogen-fixing root nodule is accompanied by a developmentally regulated expression of nodulin genes, only some of which, the so-called early nodulin genes, are expressed in stages preceding actual nitrogen fixation. We have isolated soybean cDNA clones representing early nodulin genes and have studied clone pENOD2 in detail. The cDNA(More)
Reversible protein modification by small ubiquitin-like modifiers (SUMOs) is critical for eukaryotic life. Mass spectrometry-based proteomics has proven effective at identifying hundreds of potential SUMO target proteins. However, direct identification of SUMO acceptor lysines in complex samples by mass spectrometry is still very challenging. We have(More)
The adenovirus E1A proteins differentially regulate AP-1-responsive genes. Collagenase and stromelysin are repressed by E1A, whereas the expression of c-jun is elevated. Inhibition of collagenase has been found to be exerted through the consensus AP-1 binding site TGAGTCA. Here we show that the distal AP-1 binding site in the c-jun promoter, the jun2TRE(More)
Despite high levels of homology, transcription coactivators p300 and CREB binding protein (CBP) are both indispensable during embryogenesis. They are largely known to regulate the same genes. To identify genes preferentially regulated by p300 or CBP, we performed an extensive genome-wide survey using the ChIP-seq on cell-cycle synchronized cells. We found(More)
Transcription factor ATF2 regulates gene expression in response to environmental changes. Upon exposure to cellular stresses, the mitogen-activated proteinkinase (MAPK) cascades including SAPK/JNK and p38 can enhance ATF2's transactivating function through phosphorylation of Thr69 and Thr71. How ever, the mechanism of ATF2 activation by growth factors that(More)
Jun : Fos and Jun : ATF complexes represent two classes of AP-1 dimers that (1) preferentially bind to either heptameric or octameric AP-1 binding sites, and (2) are differently regulated by cellular signaling pathways and oncogene products. To discriminate between the functions of Jun : Fos, Jun : ATF and Jun : Jun, mutants were developed that restrict the(More)
Genetic and biochemical studies have shown that selective interactions between the Jun, Fos, and activating transcription factor (ATF) components of transcription factor activating protein 1 (AP-1) exhibit specific and critical functions in the regulation of cell proliferation, differentiation, and survival. For instance, the ratio between c-Jun/c-Fos and(More)
JNK and ERK MAP kinases regulate cellular responses to genotoxic stress in a cell type and cell context-dependent manner. However, the factors that determine and execute JNK- and ERK-controlled stress responses are only partly known. In this study, we investigate the roles of the AP-1 components ATF3 and Fra1 in JNK- and ERK-dependent cell cycle arrest and(More)
The adenovirus E1A proteins activate the c-jun promoter through two Jun/ATF-binding sites, jun1 and jun2. P300, a transcriptional coactivator of several AP1 and ATF transcription factors has been postulated to play a role in this activation. Here, we present evidence that p300 can control c-jun transcription by acting as a cofactor for ATF2: (1)(More)