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Despite high levels of homology, transcription coactivators p300 and CREB binding protein (CBP) are both indispensable during embryogenesis. They are largely known to regulate the same genes. To identify genes preferentially regulated by p300 or CBP, we performed an extensive genome-wide survey using the ChIP-seq on cell-cycle synchronized cells. We found(More)
Glycogen synthase kinase 3β (GSK3β) regulates diverse physiological processes, including metabolism, development, oncogenesis, and neuroprotection. GSK3β kinase activity has been reported to be critical for various types of cancer cells, but the mechanism has remained elusive. In this study we examine the mechanism by which GSK3β regulates the survival of(More)
The canonical Wnt pathway plays an important role in the regulation of cell proliferation and differentiation. Activation of this signaling pathway causes disruption of the Axin/adenomatous polyposis coli/glycogen synthase kinase 3β complex, resulting in stabilization of β-catenin and its association with lymphoid enhancer factor/T-cell factor in the(More)
TGF-β(transforming growth factor-β) superfamily signaling mediators are important regulators of diverse physiological and pathological events. TGF-β signals are transduced by transmembrane type I and type II serine/threonine kinase receptors and their downstream effectors, the SMAD(drosophila mothers against decapentaplegic protein) proteins. Numerous(More)
Adenovirus E1a represses transcription of the collagenase gene via the phorbol ester-responsive element (collTRE). The mechanism involves inhibition of the trans-activating function of the transcription factor AP-1 without reduction of its synthesis and without any apparent change in DNA binding or composition. The ability of E1a to downmodulate AP-1 is a(More)
ATF2 belongs to the bZIP family of transcription factors and controls gene expression via 8-bp ATF/CREB motifs either as a homodimer or as a heterodimer-for instance, with Jun-but has never been shown to be directly involved in oncogenesis. Experiments were designed to evaluate a possible role of ATF2 in oncogenesis in chick embryo fibroblasts (CEFs) in the(More)
The transforming growth factor (TGF)-β superfamily comprises cytokines such as TGF-β and Bone Morphogenetic Proteins (BMPs), which have a critical role in a multitude of biological processes. In breast cancer, high levels of TGF-β are associated with poor outcome, whereas inhibition of TGF-β-signaling reduces metastasis. In contrast, BMP-7 inhibits bone(More)
Davidson's method is widely used for finding the lowest eigenvalues of large matrices. Recently, mathematicians have shown that Davidson's derivation could be improved. They have corrected the derivation yielding a new iteration method. In this article this new method is adapted for realistic MRCI and MRCEPA calculations. Results show that the new method(More)
Protein Phosphatase type 2A (PP2A) represents a family of holoenzyme complexes with diverse biological activities. Specific holoenzyme complexes are thought to be deregulated during oncogenic transformation and oncogene-induced signaling. Since most studies on the role of this phosphatase family have relied on the use of generic PP2A inhibitors, the(More)
Smad proteins are the key intermediates of transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-β) signaling during development and in tissue homeostasis. Pertubations in TGF-β/Smad signaling have been implicated in cancer and other diseases. In the cell nucleus, Smad complexes trigger cell type- and context-specific transcriptional programs, thereby transmitting and(More)