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Colony-forming units - fibroblast (CFU-Fs), analogous to those giving rise to bone marrow (BM) mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs), are present in many organs, although the relationship between BM and organ-specific CFU-Fs in homeostasis and tissue repair is unknown. Here we describe a population of adult cardiac-resident CFU-Fs (cCFU-Fs) that occupy a(More)
Secreted phospholipase B (PLB) activity promotes the survival and replication of Cryptococcus neoformans in macrophages in vitro. We therefore investigated the role of mononuclear phagocytes and cryptococcal PLB in the dissemination of infection in a mouse model, using C. neoformans var. grubii wild-type strain H99, a PLB1 deletion mutant (Delta plb1), and(More)
BACKGROUND In oral submucous fibrosis (OSF) fibrous bands and burning mucosal pain restrict oral opening to limit speech and eating. The pathogenesis of OSF remains unclear, while surgical and pharmacological treatments have limited success, and are often inaccessible in communities using areca nut where OSF is prevalent. Improved outcomes are reported for(More)
In earlier studies we used molecular methods to identify the major bacterial consortia associated with advanced dentin caries. These consortia are dominated by bacteria from the families Lactobacillaceae, Streptococcaceae, Veillonellaceae (formerly Acidaminococcaceae), Eubacteriaceae, and Lachnospiraceae from the phylum Firmicutes; Coriobacteriaceae,(More)
CXCR4, the chemotactic cell receptor for SDF-1alpha, is essential for immune trafficking and HIV infection. CXCR4 is remarkably heterogeneous and the purpose of this study was to better identify the isoforms expressed by cells and compare their structure and function. We found that cells express either a predominant isoform or multiple isoforms. These were(More)
INTRODUCTION Receptor activator of nuclear factor kappa beta ligand (RANKL) activates osteoclast differentiation, whereas this activity is blocked by osteoprotegrin (OPG), so that the relative expression of these 2 proteins might contribute to bone and root resorption during orthodontic tooth movement. We describe experiments with RANKL and OPG mRNA(More)
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS Chronic non-healing wounds are a common complication of diabetes. Prolonged inflammation and decreased matrix accumulation may contribute. Connective tissue growth factor (CTGF) is induced during normal wound healing, but its regulation in diabetic wounds is unknown. We developed a primate model for the study of in vivo wound healing in(More)
Intermittent tongue, lip and cheek forces influence precise tooth position, so we here examine the possibility that tissue remodelling driven by functional bite-force-induced jaw-strain accounts for tooth eruption. Notably, although a separate true 'eruptive force' is widely assumed, there is little direct evidence for such a force. We constructed a three(More)
Excess blood vessels are removed by apoptosis of endothelial cells, however, the signals responsible for this have not been defined. Apoptosis of cultured human umbilical vein endothelial cells is induced by deprivation of serum or adhesion. In this paper, apoptosis in human umbilical vein and microvascular endothelium was induced by deprivation of serum(More)
The structures, molecular interactions and functions of CD4 in a subset of T lymphocytes have been well characterized. The CD4 receptors of other cell types have, however, been poorly documented. We have previously shown that lymphocytes and monocytes/macrophages differ in their expression of CD4 monomers and dimers. In the present study, we have shown(More)