Hans Zoellner

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Colony-forming units - fibroblast (CFU-Fs), analogous to those giving rise to bone marrow (BM) mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs), are present in many organs, although the relationship between BM and organ-specific CFU-Fs in homeostasis and tissue repair is unknown. Here we describe a population of adult cardiac-resident CFU-Fs (cCFU-Fs) that occupy a(More)
BACKGROUND In oral submucous fibrosis (OSF) fibrous bands and burning mucosal pain restrict oral opening to limit speech and eating. The pathogenesis of OSF remains unclear, while surgical and pharmacological treatments have limited success, and are often inaccessible in communities using areca nut where OSF is prevalent. Improved outcomes are reported for(More)
CXCR4, the chemotactic cell receptor for SDF-1alpha, is essential for immune trafficking and HIV infection. CXCR4 is remarkably heterogeneous and the purpose of this study was to better identify the isoforms expressed by cells and compare their structure and function. We found that cells express either a predominant isoform or multiple isoforms. These were(More)
Albumin is the major transport protein in blood and intramolecular movement contributes to this function. Nonenzymatic glycosylation (NEG) of albumin occurs in diabetes and, in this study, fluorometric methods were used to determine the effect of increasing levels of NEG upon intramolecular movement in human serum albumin. Low levels of NEG significantly(More)
Secreted phospholipase B (PLB) activity promotes the survival and replication of Cryptococcus neoformans in macrophages in vitro. We therefore investigated the role of mononuclear phagocytes and cryptococcal PLB in the dissemination of infection in a mouse model, using C. neoformans var. grubii wild-type strain H99, a PLB1 deletion mutant (Delta plb1), and(More)
Excess blood vessels are removed by apoptosis of endothelial cells, however, the signals responsible for this have not been defined. Apoptosis of cultured human umbilical vein endothelial cells is induced by deprivation of serum or adhesion. In this paper, apoptosis in human umbilical vein and microvascular endothelium was induced by deprivation of serum(More)
The effect of interleukin-4 (IL-4) on the fibrinolytic system of human microvascular and macrovascular endothelial cells in culture was studied. Only foreskin microvascular endothelial cells (EC) responded to IL-4 treatment with a dose- and time-dependent increase in urokinase-type plasminogen activator (u-PA) (control: 3.0 +/- 0.8 ng/10(5) cells/24 h; 200(More)
Human serum albumin (HSA) inhibits endothelial apoptosis in a highly specific manner. CNBr fragmentation greatly increases the effectiveness of this activity, suggesting that this type of protection is mediated by a partially cryptic albumin domain which is transiently exposed by intramolecular movement. Advanced glycation end-product (AGE) formation in HSA(More)
Plasma factors appear to inhibit endothelial cell (EC) apoptosis in vivo so that flow influences microvascular form. The identity of these factors has not, however, been established. Earlier, we reported that apoptosis in isolated, serum-deprived human EC is inhibited by albumin (Alb). Here, we demonstrate likely biological relevance of this to vascular(More)
Increased vascular disease occurs with low albumin (human serum albumin, HSA), possibly reflecting specific inhibition of endothelial apoptosis reported for tissue culture. Despite the reported specificity for endothelial protection by HSA, the high but physiological concentrations needed appear more consistent with non-specific low-affinity interactions.(More)