Hans Werner Hense

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CONTEXT Geographic variations in cardiovascular disease (CVD) and associated risk factors have been recognized worldwide. However, little attention has been directed to potential differences in hypertension between Europe and North America. OBJECTIVE To determine whether higher blood pressure (BP) levels and hypertension are more prevalent in Europe than(More)
The reason for the Study of Health in Pomerania (SHIP) is the lack of epidemiological studies with a broad range of health indicators. Furthermore, in Germany there is a need for studies that take into account the particular situation of life after the reunification. One objective of SHIP is to provide prevalence estimates on a broad range of diseases, risk(More)
BACKGROUND The prediction of the absolute risk of coronary heart disease (CHD) is commonly based on risk prediction equations that originate from the Framingham Heart Study. However, differences in population risk levels compromise the external validity of these risk functions. SETTING AND STUDY POPULATION Participants aged 35-64 years from the MONICA(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate regional variations in the prevalence and management of hypertension in two communities in the north-east and the south-west of Germany. STUDY SETTING Two population-based surveys of men and women aged 25-74 years, using a common standardized protocol: the Study of Health in Pomerania (SHIP; 3744 participants) and the Kooperative(More)
OBJECTIVES To present oscillometric blood pressure (BP) references from German nonoverweight children and compare them with US references. METHODS From children and adolescents, aged 3 to 17 years, from the German Health Interview and Examination Survey for Children and Adolescents (KiGGS 2003-2006), we obtained standardized BP measurements by using an(More)
BACKGROUND Left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) occurs as an adaptive response to a physiological (such as exercise) or pathological (valvular disease, hypertension, or obesity) increase in cardiac work. The molecular mechanisms regulating the LVH response are poorly understood. However, inherited defects in fatty acid oxidation are known to cause severe(More)
OBJECTIVE To conduct a meta-analysis on the relationship between bed sharing and sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) risk. STUDY DESIGN Data from PubMed and Medline were searched for studies published after Jan 1, 1970. The search strategy included articles with the terms "sudden infant death syndrome," "sudden unexpected death," and "cot death" with "bed(More)
Macular pigment (MP), consisting of lutein (L) and zeaxanthin (Z), is believed to protect the retina from photo-oxidative damage. The current study investigates, in terms of MP optical density (MPOD) and serum concentrations of its constituent carotenoids, response to supplemental L and Z, and co-antioxidants. An intervention (I) group, consisting of 108(More)
Objective: To investigate in a population-based sample of hypertensive men and women the impact of factors that determine frequency and pattern of antihypertensive treatment. Methods: We used pooled data of two independent surveys conducted 1989/90 and 1994/95 in the Augsburg region among men and women aged 25 to 74 years. Co-morbidity and cardiovascular(More)
BACKGROUND A large prospective study in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D), the German D2C cohort, is presently being enumerated to investigate risk factors of incident cancer in diabetic patients. STUDY SETTING A disease management program was offered, on a voluntary basis, to all T2D patients who were members of a statutory health insurance fund in(More)