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In 2005 the American Academy of Sleep Medicine (AASM) published a revised form of the International Classification of Sleep Disorders (ICSD-2). Goals of the ICSD-2 are: A) To describe all currently recognized sleep and arousal disorders, and to base the descriptions on scientific and clinical evidence. B) To present the sleep and arousal disorders in an(More)
BACKGROUND Reports regarding long-term follow-up including quality-of-life assessment, pulmonary function, and donor-site morbidity after operative treatment for sternal osteomyelitis are rare. METHODS Data for 69 consecutive patients were acquired from patients' charts and contact with patients and general practitioners, with special reference to(More)
BACKGROUND Respiratory disability induced by dust exposure in coal workers is assessed by pulmonary function tests and radiological evidence of pneumoconiosis. High-resolution computed tomography (HR-CT) improves the visibility of tissue changes, but the value of the findings for the clinical evaluation is controversial. OBJECTIVES It was the aim of this(More)
The obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) is associated with cardiovascular disease and systemic hypertension. Because systemic arterial blood pressure is proportional to venodilation and venous return to the heart, we hypothesized that altered vascular responsiveness might exist in the veins of subjects with OSAS. We therefore investigated venodilator(More)
Patients with obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome (OSAS) have an increased car accident rate. Investigations on accident frequency are based on case history, insurance reports and driving simulator studies. The present study combines neuropsychological testing of different attention aspects engaged in driving a car and driving simulation to evaluate a(More)
Theophylline is effective in the treatment of central apneas and periodic breathing. In obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS), results of pharmacological monotherapy with theophylline are inconsistent. The present study investigates whether additional theophylline in patients with OSAS and continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) therapy might improve(More)
Approximately 25 % of all patients suffering from obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) discontinue CPAP-therapy in long-term follow-up. This study was conducted to investigate if there are any predictors signaling low compliance prior to initiation of CPAP-therapy. We used an open label longitudinal cohort study at an University hospital in-patient Sleep(More)
A skin prick test was performed in 75 patients with an obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) to test allergic skin reactivity to 18 common inhalant allergens. Additionally, anterior rhinomanometry was performed. Results were compared with a group of 21 patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and with 198 workers of the chemical industry. A(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE 30% of patients with arterial hypertension (AH) are supposed to have a co-prevalent obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS). Hence, the influence of CPAP (continuous positive airway pressure) therapy on cardiac structure and function was investigated in medically treated patients with AH and co-prevalent OSAS. PATIENTS AND METHODS(More)