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Sporophytes of Laminaria digitata (L.) Lamour. were assayed for their content of accumulated iodine, which ranged from 0.4% of dry weight in adult plants up to 4.7% for young plantlets. Sporophyte tissue from Laminaria saccharina (L.) Lamour. and L. digitata took up iodide according to Michaelis-Menten kinetics. Hydrogen peroxide and various substances(More)
The homo-dimeric structure of a vanadium-dependent haloperoxidase (V-BPO) from the brown alga Ascophyllum nodosum (EC 1.1.11.X) has been solved by single isomorphous replacement anomalous scattering (SIRAS) X-ray crystallography at 2.0 A resolution (PDB accession code 1QI9), using two heavy-atom datasets of a tungstate derivative measured at two different(More)
For various reasons extraction of proteins from plant material is difficult. In particular phenolic compounds and polyanionic cell-wall mucilages render conventional procedures of extraction and purification much more difficult. In this respect, aqueous polymer two-phase systems are presented as a powerful technique in extraction of vanadate-dependent(More)
Bromine K-edge EXAFS studies have been carried out for bromide/peroxidase samples in Tris buffer at pH 8. The results are compared with those of aqueous (Tris-buffered) bromide and vanadium model compounds containing Br-V, Br-C(aliphatic) and Br-C(aromatic) bonds. It is found that bromide does not coordinate to the vanadium centre. Rather, bromine binds(More)
We have shown that a phenolic polymer (PP) extracted from Fucus serratus can be cross-linked using a vanadium-dependent bromoperoxidase (BPO). The methanol extracted PP was adsorbed to a quartz crystal sensor and the cross-linking was initiated by the addition of BPO, KBr, and H2O2. The decreased dissipation upon addition of the cross-linking agents, as(More)
The isolation of plant enzymes is frequently hampered by the presence of phenolic compounds, pigments and mucilages. Recently, extraction procedures based on aqueous two-phase systems were used to overcome these problems. Two-phase systems have a great advantage in respect to yield, product purity and processing time. Two-phase systems may open many new(More)
With synchrotron radiation from the Bonn 2.5 GeV synchrotron, high-resolution absorption spectra have been measured at the vanadium K-edge of bromoperoxidase from the marine brown alga Ascophyllum nodosum and several model compounds. The near-edge structure (XANES) of these spectra was used to determine the charge state and the coordination geometry around(More)
Vanadium-dependent peroxidase activity in extracts of Ascophyllum nodosum growing in the intertidal region close to Roscoff/France, and algal vanadium levels, followed approximately similar seasonal variation, as deduced from a study lasting from April 2005 to March 2006. High peroxidase (PO) activity was found in extracts obtained from algae collected in(More)
High-resolution X-ray absorption vanadium K-edge spectra were recorded for samples of vanadium-containing bromoperoxidase from the brown alga, Ascophyllum nodosum, at pH 9, 7, 5 and 4, as well as for enzyme samples containing the substrates, hydrogen peroxide and bromide. The well-resolved features of the XANES spectra are discussed. The pH-dependence of(More)