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Tobacco smoking, alcohol drinking, and occupational exposures to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons are the major proven risk factors for human head and neck squamous-cell cancer (HNSCC). Major research focus on gene-environment interactions concerning HNSCC has been on genes encoding enzymes of metabolism for tobacco smoke constituents and repair enzymes. To(More)
This paper describes the production and evaluation of an antiserum with high affinity (Ka = 1.9 X 10(11) l/mol) and specifity to 8-arginine-vasopressin (AVP). The antiserum binds only to the intact and unchanged ring and tail of the AVP-molecule. AVP was labelled with 125I by a modification of the chloramin T method and purified by gel-filtration. We(More)
OBJECTIVES NO production has been attributed to play a major role in cardiac diseases such as cardiac hypertrophy and cardiac remodeling after myocardial infarction which display significant gender-based differences. Therefore we assessed the effect of 17 beta-estradiol (E2) on estrogen receptor (ER) alpha and beta and endothelial and inducible NO synthase(More)
Estrogen and insulin-like-growth factor 1 (IGF-1) are potent mitogenic stimuli that share important properties in the control of cellular proliferation. However, the coupling between the signaling cascades of estrogen receptors alpha and beta and the IGF-1 receptor (IGF-1R) is poorly understood. Therefore, we selectively transfected estrogen receptor alpha(More)
Gender-based differences found in cardiovascular diseases raise the possibility that estrogen may have direct effects on cardiac tissue. Therefore we investigated whether cardiac myocytes and fibroblasts express functional estrogen receptors. Immunofluorescence demonstrated estrogen receptor protein expression in both female and male rat cardiac myocytes(More)
In a German multicentre study (1603 patients, 320 private practices), adverse effects and patient compliance during antihypertensive therapy were investigated using standardized questionnaires for both patient and physician. Patients with a change in antihypertensive therapy during the last six months were included in this study. The single most important(More)
Estrogen treatment in symptomatic postmenopausal women appears to improve cognitive performance including memory, an effect which may involve enhanced nitric oxide formation in hippocampal neurons. To study whether 17beta-estradiol (E2) affects NO synthase activity in the hippocampus, we investigated the influence of E2 on hippocampal NO synthase expression(More)
In the present study we describe the intracellular pathways for the transmission of growth signals by the potent vasoconstricting eicosanoids prostaglandin H2 and thromboxane A2 in smooth muscle cells from rat aorta. Carbocyclic thromboxane A2 and U46619 are stable thromboxane A2 mimetics acting at the common thromboxane A2/prostaglandin H2 receptor.(More)
Quantification of nucleic acids, especially of mRNA, is increasingly important in biomedical research. The recently developed quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) - a highly sensitive technology for the rapid, accurate and reproducible quantification of gene expression - offers major advantages over conventional quantitative PCR.(More)
Tobacco use is causally associated with head and neck squamous cell cancer (HNSCC). Here, we present the results of a case-control study that investigated the effects that the genetic variants of the cytochrome (CYP)1A1, CYP1B1, glutathione-S-transferase (GST)M1, GSTT1, and GSTP1 genes have on modifying the risk of smoking-related HNSCC. Allelisms of the(More)