Hans Ulrich Graber

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Inactivation of the tumour suppressor p53 is the most common defect in cancer cells. p53 is a sequence specific transcription factor that is activated in response to various forms of genotoxic stress to induce cell cycle arrest and apoptosis. Induction of p53 is subjected to complex and strict control through several pathways, as it will often determine(More)
Based on our clinical experience on bovine mastitis, we hypothesized that subtypes of Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) exist which differ in their contagious and pathogenic properties. In order to investigate this hypothesis, we analyzed strains of S. aureus isolated from spontaneous intramammary infection (IMI) with their virulence gene patterns and(More)
PURPOSE The reasons for the high frequency of perineural invasion and the presence of pain in pancreatic cancer are still not clear. Nerve growth factor (NGF) and its high-affinity receptor TrkA are involved in stimulating epithelial cancer cell growth and perineural invasion, as well as in pain generation in chronic benign disorders. PATIENTS AND METHODS(More)
Bacteriological culture as a diagnostic tool for chronic infections with Staphylococcus aureus intramammary infection is not completely satisfactory. The cyclical shedding pattern of Staph. aureus with intervals of low excretion is considered to be the main reason. We recently developed a novel assay for Staph. aureus in milk, based on real-time(More)
Canine distemper virus (CDV), a negative-strand RNA morbillivirus, causes a progressive demyelinating disease in which virus persistence plays an essential role. The antiviral immune response leads to virus clearance in the inflammatory lesions. However, CDV can replicate and persist outside these inflammatory lesions within the brain. How CDV is capable of(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the parameters that mediate fibrogenesis in chronic pancreatitis (CP). BACKGROUND Connective tissue growth factor (CTGF), which is regulated by transforming growth factor beta (TGF-beta), has recently been implicated in skin fibrosis and atherosclerosis. In the present study, the authors analyzed the concomitant presence of TGF-beta1(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Urokinase plasminogen activator (uPA) regulates plasmin generation from plasminogen. The aim of this study was to analyze the role of the plasminogen activator/plasmin system in chronic pancreatitis (CP). METHODS Using Northern blot analysis, in situ hybridization, and immunohistochemistry, the expression of uPA, its receptor (uPAR),(More)
Based on a former study from our group, one subtype of Staphylococcus aureus was associated with high within-herd prevalence of mastitis, whereas the other subtypes were associated with a low prevalence (sporadic intramammary infection). To confirm this hypothesis, a prospective study was done in 29 Swiss dairy herds. In particular, milk samples were(More)
A novel real-time quantitative PCR assay for detecting the pathogenic and contagious Staphylococcus aureus genotype B (GTB) in bulk tank milk was developed and evaluated. The detection of this pathogen in bulk tank milk would greatly facilitate its control, as it is responsible for great economic loss in Swiss dairy herds. The assay is based on the(More)
One fifth of B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukaemia (B-CLL) patients exhibit loss of heterozygosity (LOH) at 10q23.3, the site of the tumour suppressor PTEN. Microsatellite markers mapped complete LOH to 10q23.3 in 2/41 B-CLL (5%) and allelic imbalances in 6/41 (15%). No PTEN gene mutations were found. PTEN protein expression was not detected in 11 B-CLL(More)