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Based on our clinical experience on bovine mastitis, we hypothesized that subtypes of Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) exist which differ in their contagious and pathogenic properties. In order to investigate this hypothesis, we analyzed strains of S. aureus isolated from spontaneous intramammary infection (IMI) with their virulence gene patterns and(More)
BACKGROUND bcl-2 and bax belong to the bcl-2-related gene family, which marks a new class of genes that influence apoptosis. The bcl-2 oncogene acts as a broad antiapoptotic factor and extends both normal and tumour cell survival. In contrast, the bax gene is a promoter of apoptosis. AIMS To analyse the expression of bcl-2 and bax in pancreatic cancer and(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the parameters that mediate fibrogenesis in chronic pancreatitis (CP). BACKGROUND Connective tissue growth factor (CTGF), which is regulated by transforming growth factor beta (TGF-beta), has recently been implicated in skin fibrosis and atherosclerosis. In the present study, the authors analyzed the concomitant presence of TGF-beta1(More)
PURPOSE The reasons for the high frequency of perineural invasion and the presence of pain in pancreatic cancer are still not clear. Nerve growth factor (NGF) and its high-affinity receptor TrkA are involved in stimulating epithelial cancer cell growth and perineural invasion, as well as in pain generation in chronic benign disorders. PATIENTS AND METHODS(More)
Since the role of the Bcl-2 gene family has been only poorly investigated in colorectal cancer, we have examined the expression of the apoptosis blockers Bcl-xL and Bcl-2, as well as the proapoptotic factors Bax and Bak. Northern blot analysis and immunohistochemistry were performed on normal and cancerous colonic tissue from 12 patients. In colorectal(More)
Staphylococcus aureus is one of the most important causes of mastitis in dairy cattle. Based on previous research, Staph. aureus genotypes with different pathogenic and contagious properties can cause intramammary infection (IMI) and coexist in the same herd. Our study aimed to compare Staph. aureus strains from herds that differed in IMI prevalence using(More)
Inactivation of the tumour suppressor p53 is the most common defect in cancer cells. p53 is a sequence specific transcription factor that is activated in response to various forms of genotoxic stress to induce cell cycle arrest and apoptosis. Induction of p53 is subjected to complex and strict control through several pathways, as it will often determine(More)
Diagnosis of udder infections with Staphylococcus aureus by bacteriological milk testing of quarter milk samples is often not satisfactory. To get reliable results, repeated sampling is necessary, which is normally too expensive. Therefore, we developed a test that allows the highly specific detection of Staph. aureus in bovine milk samples at very low(More)
Bacteriological culture as a diagnostic tool for chronic infections with Staphylococcus aureus intramammary infection is not completely satisfactory. The cyclical shedding pattern of Staph. aureus with intervals of low excretion is considered to be the main reason. We recently developed a novel assay for Staph. aureus in milk, based on real-time(More)
KAI1 is a metastasis suppressor gene for prostate cancer that is located on chromosome 11p11.2-13. Using Northern blot analysis and in situ hybridization, we studied expression of KAI1 mRNA in specimens from 14 normal pancreases and 27 primary pancreatic cancers, and then correlated the findings with the clinical and histopathological parameters of the(More)