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In the reactions used to break heparin down to mono- and oligosaccharides, androsugars are formed at two stages. The first of these is the well-known cleavage of heparin with nitrous acid to convert the N-sulfated D-glucosamines to anhydro-D-mannose residues; this reaction has been studied in detail. It is demonstrated here that only low pH (less than 2.5)(More)
A rat hepatocyte cell line was cultured in Higuchi's medium with fetal calf serum and insulin and labeled with 35SO2/4-. The cells were treated with a number of ligands to displace the heparan 35SO4 proteoglycan (HSPG) from the pericellular matrix. Maximum release was obtained with D-mannose-6-PO4 (50 mM), D-glucose-6-PO4 (50 mM), myo-inositol-2-PO4 (2-5(More)
The dynamics of the histological changes which occur in the distal half of the tibial portion of the embryonic chick tibiotarsus from day 8 to day 18 of incubation are correlated with the capacities of histologically distinct zones to incorporate isotopic precursors into mucopolysaccharides and collagen. At the distal end of the tibia, which abuts the(More)
An ion-pairing high-pressure liquid chromatography procedure was developed for analysis of mixtures of oligosaccharides generated by nitrous acid cleavage of heparin. Oligosaccharides were eluted from a Hi-Chrom 5S ODS (C18) column using mixtures of acetonitrile and buffers containing 40 mM ammonium phosphate and 1 mM tetrabutylammonium phosphate. Isocratic(More)
Chondroitin 4-sulfate and chondroitin 6-sulfate were incubated with testicular hyaluronidase in the presence of excess beta-glucuronidase. The beta-glucuronidase caused rapid removal of the nonreducing terminal beta-D-glucuronosyl residues from the oligosaccharides formed by the action of the hyaluronidase, destroying the oligosaccharide acceptors required(More)
We have studied in rat liver the subcellular sites and topography of xylosylation and galactosylation reactions occurring in the biosynthesis of the D-glucuronic acid-galactose-galactose-D-xylose linkage region of proteoglycans and of glucuronosylation reactions involved in both glycosaminoglycan biosynthesis and bile acid and bilirubin conjugation. The(More)