Hans Toni Ratte

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The leachate of a municipal waste landfill was tested for estrogenic activity using a reporter-gene-based bioassay with a human breast-cancer-derived cell line (MVLN cells). The leachate was processed with two different membrane-employing processes operating in parallel. One process consists of aerobic biological degradation, ultrafiltration, and subsequent(More)
Individuals of Daphnia magna Straus living together in groups were found to influence each other in a density-dependent manner. The effect appeared as an inhibition in offspring production and was demonstrated to be induced in part or completely by metabolic products released by Daphnia itself (negative interference). Negative interference was measurable(More)
Nonylphenol belongs to the most investigated xenohormones acting at the estrogen receptor. Technical nonylphenol contains approximately 20 para-substituted isomers. Because of limitations in testing and quantifying all 20 isomers in the mixture, the linear form, 4n-NP, is often used as a reference substance, even though it is not present in the technical(More)
Estrogen-like chemicals, so-called xenoestrogens, have become a topic of concern because they are potentially capable of disturbing the hormonal balance of wildlife and humans. Effluents of wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) are presumably the major source of xenoestrogens in the aquatic environment. In this study, we investigated eight WWTPs with respect(More)
Surrogate species are used in standard toxicity tests for the environmental risk assessment of chemicals. Test results are then extrapolated to the situation in the field, which is often associated with a large degree of uncertainty. Since a vulnerable species in the field is not only characterised by its intrinsic sensitivity to a stressor but also by its(More)
Bioaccumulation is an important aspect for the fate and effects of xenobiotics in the environment. In this study we used a radiolabeled nonylphenol isomer to investigate the bioconcentration in Daphnia magna at different ages. Apart from the total radioactivity we measured the metabolism of p353-NP in D. magna, to calculate the amount of p353-NP compared to(More)
Standard species used in ecological risk assessment are chosen based on their sensitivity to various toxicants and the ease of rearing them for laboratory experiments. However, this mostly overlooks the fact that species in the field that may employ variable life-history strategies, which may have consequences concerning the vulnerability of such species to(More)
Environmental risk assessment of chemicals is based on single species tests at the individual level with single compounds. However, the protection goal is the sustainability of a population, which faces several natural stressors and mixtures of chemicals in the environment. Therefore, experiments were undertaken to quantify the combined effects of chemicals(More)
In current risk assessment ecotoxicological biotests (e.g.Daphnia reproduction test) are used to assess the potential impact of xenobiotics on ecosystems. The effects of chemicals and pesticides on populations of non-target organisms in the field depend not only on the exposure and the toxicity, but also on other factors such as life history(More)
In standardized ecotoxicological testing chemicals are investigated under optimal conditions for the test organisms despite the fact that environmental factors such as predation pressure and food availability are important parameters regulating natural populations. Food limitation and predator presence can induce shifts in life-history traits in various(More)