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Towards the integration of rules and ontologies in the Semantic Web, we propose a combination of logic programming under the answer set semantics with the description logics SHIF(D) and SHOIN (D), which underly the Web ontology languages OWL Lite and OWL DL, respectively. This combination allows for building rules on top of ontologies but also, to a limited(More)
In this paper, we consider an approach to update nonmonotonic knowledge bases represented as extended logic programs under the answer set semantics. In this approach, new information is incorporated into the current knowledge base subject to a causal rejection principle, which enforces that, in case of conflicts between rules, more recent rules are(More)
We introduce HEX programs, which are nonmonotonic logic programs admitting higher-order atoms as well as external atoms, and we extend the wellknown answer-set semantics to this class of programs. Higher-order features are widely acknowledged as useful for performing meta-reasoning, among other tasks. Furthermore, the possibility to exchange knowledge with(More)
We introduce a methodology and framework for expressing general preference information in logic programming under the answer set semantics. An ordered logic program is an extended logic program in which rules are named by unique terms, and in which preferences among rules are given by a set of atoms of the form s t where s and t are names. An ordered logic(More)
The realization of the Semantic Web vision, in which computational logic has a prominent role, has stimulated a lot of research on combining rules and ontologies, which are formulated in different formalisms. In particular, combining logic programming with the Web Ontology Language (OWL), which is a standard based on description logics, emerged as an(More)
Practically all programming languages used in software engineering allow to split a program into several modules. For fully declarative and nonmonotonic logic programming languages, however, the modular structure of programs is hard to realise, since the output of an entire program cannot in general be composed from the output of its component programs in a(More)
Answer-set programming (ASP) is widely recognised as a viable tool for declarative problem solving. However, there is currently a lack of tools for developing answer-set programs. In particular, providing tools for debugging answer-set programs has recently been identified as a crucial prerequisite for a wider acceptance of ASP. In this paper, we introduce(More)