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Peroxidases are heavily implicated in plant cell wall cross-linking reactions, altering the properties of the wall and impacting its utilization. Polysaccharide-polysaccharide cross-linking in grasses is achieved by dehydrodimerization of hydroxycinnamate-polysaccharide esters; a complex array of hydroxycinnamic acid dehydrodimers are released by(More)
The aim of the present study was to find out whether the incorporation of organic dairy and meat products in the maternal diet affects the contents of the conjugated linoleic acid isomers (CLA) and trans-vaccenic acid (TVA) in human breast milk. To this purpose, milk samples from 312 breastfeeding mothers participating in the KOALA Birth Cohort Study have(More)
Conjugated linoleic acids (CLA) have attracted scientific interest due to their potential beneficial effects on atherosclerosis. Recent studies demonstrated that conjugated metabolites of CLA are found in tissues of CLA-fed animals and cultured cells treated with CLA. This observation has gained in importance since it has recently been shown that these(More)
The interaction phenomena during the biodegradation of typical coal tar polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and their heterocyclic analogues (N, S, O) were investigated in an artificially contaminated AhA1-horizon/compost mixture. All compounds were partly or completely biodegraded. Degradation of two- to five-ring PAHs was inhibited by the presence of(More)
This study examined the effects of feeding pasture vs. concentrate on the distribution of CLA isomers in the lipids of longissimus and semitendinosus muscle, liver and heart muscle, and subcutaneous fat in beef bulls. Sixty-four German Holstein and German Simmental bulls were randomly allocated to either an indoor concentrate system or periods of pasture(More)
A rapid and economical method for the determination in meat of androgens, estrogens, progestogens and corticoids, including some precursors and metabolites, has been developed. The extracted steroids are separated in a polar, a neutral, and a phenolic fraction by C8-SPE followed by a liquid-liquid extraction of the phenolates. Each fraction is separately(More)
The trans fatty acid (TFA) patterns in the fats of ruminant meat and dairy products differ from those found in other (processed) fats. We have evaluated different TFA isomers in human breast milk as an indicator of dietary intake of ruminant and dairy fats of different origins. Breast milk samples were collected 1 month postpartum from 310 mothers(More)
Plant cell walls containing suberin or lignin in the human diet are conjectured to protect against colon cancer. To confirm the existence of authentic lignin in cereal grain dietary fibers, the DFRC (derivatization followed by reductive cleavage) method was applied to different cereal grain dietary fibers. By cleavage of diagnostic arylglycerol-beta-aryl(More)
Brews from differently roasted Arabica coffees were shown to contain 8-12% ethanol soluble substances with molecular masses greater than 2 kDa, possibly contributing to their dietary fiber contents. About 13% of these substances were nondigestible carbohydrates, mainly arabinogalactans. The nondigestible high molecular weight ethanol soluble fraction (HESF)(More)
Three complex heteroxylan side-chains acylated with ferulate and one arabinosyl ester of p-coumaric acid have been isolated from maize bran insoluble fibre after acidic hydrolysis and fractionation by gel permeation chromatography and semi-preparative RP-HPLC. The complete structural elucidation of all isolated compounds was achieved by 1D/2D NMR(More)