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The use of the sitting position in neurosurgery is often associated with decreased arterial pressure (MAP) and stroke volume index (SVI). A shift in blood from the intra- to the extrathoracic compartment may be responsible for this cardiovascular response. However, little is known of the amount of shift in blood volume after transfer from the supine to the(More)
BACKGROUND Management of intravascular volume is crucial in patients after cardiopulmonary bypass as myocardial dysfunction is common. The purpose of this study was to validate a novel bedside technique for real-time assessment of intravascular volumes. METHODS Eleven patients undergoing cardiopulmonary bypass were studied. In addition to standard(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the precision and accuracy of continuous pulse contour cardiac output (PCCO) compared with intermittent transcardiopulmonary (TCPCO) and pulmonary artery thermodilution (TDCO) measurements in patients undergoing minimally invasive coronary bypass surgery (MIDCAB). DESIGN Prospective, controlled, clinical study. SETTING(More)
We have studied the effects of dopexamine and dopamine on systemic and renal haemodynamics in 20 male patients undergoing elective coronary artery bypass surgery. Patients were allocated randomly to two groups (n = 10) who were treated with incremental doses of either dopexamine 1, 2 and 4 micrograms kg-1 min-1, or dopamine 2.5 and 5 micrograms kg-1 min-1,(More)
The aim of the present multiple cross-over study was to compare the effects of biphasic positive airway pressure (BIPAP) ventilation with synchronized intermittent mandatory ventilation combined with pressure support ventilation (S-IMV/PSV) in sedated and awake patients after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) surgery. Twenty-four patients with no(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate in a direct comparison accuracy and precision of continuous cardiac output measurements assessed by continuous pulmonary artery thermodilution technique (TDCCO), continuous pulse contour analysis (PCCO), and noninvasive partial CO(2)-rebreathing technique (NICO) in patients after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) during the(More)
The effects of high-dose fentanyl-oxygen anesthesia (100 micrograms/kg) on myocardial blood flow (argon washin), myocardial oxygen consumption, myocardial lactate balance, and cardiovascular dynamics were studied in nine patients undergoing three-vessel coronary artery bypass operations. All patients had been on maintenance doses of a beta-receptor blocker(More)
BACKGROUND Transcranial Doppler sonography is increasingly used to monitor changes in cerebral perfusion intraoperatively. However, little information is available about the validity of velocity measurements as an index of cerebral blood flow (CBF). The purpose of this study was to compare invasive and Doppler-derived measurements of cerebral hemodynamic(More)
In order to compare the effects of blood-gas management on cerebral blood flow, metabolism and neurological outcome after hypothermic cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) we have studied 65 patients undergoing aorto-coronary bypass surgery allocated randomly to either a pH-stat (temperature-corrected blood-gas management) or an alpha-stat (temperature-uncorrected(More)
In der vorliegenden Untersuchung wurde die Hirndurchblutung simultan sowohl mit der intravenösen 133 Xenon-Clearancetechnik als auch mit der Kety-Schmidt-Technik gemessen. Unter Standardanästhesiebedingungen wurden Hirndurchblutung, zerebraler Stoffwechsel und die CO 2 -Reaktivität der Hirndurchblutung miteinander verglichen. Untersucht wurden 13 männliche(More)