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OBJECTIVES Sternal wound complications often have a late onset and are detected after patients are discharged from the hospital. In an effort to catch all sternal wound complications, different postdischarge surveillance methods have to be used. Together with this long-term follow-up an analysis of risk factors may help to identify patients at risk and can(More)
OBJECTIVE Aiming at elucidating the effects on capillary blood flow and tissue oxygenation of hyperoxemia during cardiopulmonary bypass, we studied skeletal muscle surface oxygen tensions in 10 patients undergoing elective cardiac operations. METHODS In a prospective investigation each patient was exposed to normoxemia (arterial oxygen tension 75 to 115(More)
BACKGROUND Objective data on the incidence and pattern of adverse events after orthopaedic surgical procedures remain scarce, secondary to the reluctance for encompassing reporting of surgical complications. The aim of this study was to analyze the nature of adverse events after orthopaedic surgery reported to a national database for patient claims in(More)
Six subjects susceptible to malignant hyperthermia (MHS) and seven control subjects exercised for 4 min at 120% of their calculated maximal oxygen uptake on a bicycle ergometer. Mean (SEM) muscle pH, measured with a needle-tipped electrode in the vastus lateralis muscle, decreased from a resting value of 7.16 (0.04) to 6.78 (0.04) after exercise in the(More)
Cost studies, productivity, efficiency, and quality of care measures, the links between resources and patient outcomes, are fundamental issues for hospital management today. This paper describes the implementation of a model for process analysis and activity-based costing (ABC)/management at a Heart Center in Sweden as a tool for administrative cost(More)
BACKGROUND Mandatory and voluntary reporting of adverse events is common in health care organizations but a more accurate understanding of the extent of patient injury may be obtained if additional sources are used. Patients in Sweden may file a claim for economic compensation from the national insurance system if they believe they have sustained an injury.(More)
BACKGROUND The incidence of health care-acquired infection (HAI) and the consequence for patients with HAI tend to vary from study to study. By including all patients, all medical specialties, and performing a follow-up analysis, this study contributes to previous findings in this research field. METHODS Data from the Swedish National Point Prevalence(More)
The aim of this study was to assess the influence of five amino-amide local anesthetic agents on the production of oxygen metabolites in the human polymorphonuclear leukocyte (PMNL), both intra- and extracellularly. Ropivacaine, a new long-acting amino-amide local anaesthetic agent, bupivacaine, lidocaine, mepivacaine and prilocaine in concentrations 1-5(More)
The endocrine response, and the relief of pain, following the extradural administration of morphine or a local anaesthetic agent bupivacaine (0.5%) were studied for 24h after abdominal surgery and compared with a control group given conventional i.v. morphine after operation. Samples were taken before and at 2, 4, 6, 12 and 24 h after skin incision. Pain(More)