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OBJECTIVE For the purpose of service planning, an instrument was developed for the systematic assessment of interventions needed by the caregivers of schizophrenia patients. METHOD The development of this instrument was based on in-depth interviews and focus groups. It consists of 18 areas describing common problems of schizophrenia caregivers. For each(More)
OBJECTIVE Nonadherence to antipsychotic regimens is considered to be one of the main reasons for hospital readmission. This study assessed the extent of nonadherence in the month before inpatient treatment. METHODS Ninety-five consecutive patients with an ICD-10 diagnosis of a psychotic disorder (F20) were surveyed about adherence at admission to(More)
This paper presents data obtained in a one-day census investigation in five European countries (Austria, Hungary, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia). The census forms were filled in for 4191 psychiatric inpatients. Concerning legal status, 11.2% were hospitalised against their will (committed) and 21.4% were treated in a ward with locked doors. There was only a(More)
In recent years, carbamazepine has increasingly also been used in psychiatric indications. However, the manifold action of this drug also manifests itself in a number of adverse effects. In a prospective study including 46 patients, who were given carbamazepine for psychiatric indications and most of whom were also treated with one or several other(More)
There are great variations in the way psychotropic drugs are prescribed. Most experts are in favour of psychopharmacological monotherapy, but little is known about the extent to which it is actually practised. A survey of the psychopharmacological medication of all patients under treatment was carried out in three Austrian psychiatric clinics of various(More)
There are very few reports about asterixis as a side effect of treatment with psychopharmacologic agents. In this report we present four patients treated with a combination of different psychotropic drugs, in whom asterixis was triggered either by adding carbamazepine (CBZ) to a treatment regimen, or by increasing its dosage. Neither dosage nor serum levels(More)
Asterixis (flapping tremor) can be induced by treatment with psychopharmacologic agents. We observed 10 cases of asterixis in psychiatric inpatients, most with affective spectrum disorders being treated with combination therapy. The drugs most often used were clozapine (eight cases), lithium (seven cases), and carbamazepine (seven cases). There were neither(More)
A 54-year-old woman with acute schizoaffective psychosis was treated with lithium carbonate (1,350 mg daily) and zuclopenthixol. On admission, clozapine was added (250 mg daily). Because extrapyramidal symptoms (rigor, akinesia) developed, she was additionally given biperiden retard (4 mg daily) from the fourth hospital day onwards. Eleven days after(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study is to determine the course of tardive dyskinesia (TD) during continuous medication with first generation antipsychotics. SUBJECTS AND METHODS Patients of a psychiatric nursing home were assessed for TD by means of the AIMS on two occasions ten years apart. RESULTS Out of 10 patients who met criteria for TD at baseline the(More)
Alcohol consumption during methadone maintenance treatment (MMT) often becomes a problem. We investigated a group of 68 patients undergoing MMT in our care. Mean duration of MMT was 50 months. A set of risk factors for problematic alcohol use ('alcohol indicators') was set up consisting of patients' account and laboratory parameters. 52% of patients were(More)