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We studied insulin binding to human erythrocytes using two different 125I-insulin-tracers. Erythrocytes of 8 normal subjects were examined using [mono-125II-(Tyr A 14)insulin as tracer. Three of these erythrocyte preparations were examined simultaneously using [125I]insulin, which was randomly iodinated by the chloramine-T-method. Data were analysed by a(More)
In perfused hearts of streptozotocin-diabetic rats the kinetics of a fluoresce indicator transit was measured after pulse injection of FITC-dextran 3. The fluorescence changes on the left ventricle could be described by two pseudo first-order processes with half times in the range of seconds (t/2) corresponding to the intravascular washout and a slow(More)
Isolated muscle cells from adult rat heart were used to study the involvement of G-proteins in the regulation of the glucose transporter by insulin and isoprenaline. Efficient modification of G-protein functions was established by measuring isoprenaline-stimulated cyclic AMP production, viability and ATP content after treating the cells with cholera toxin(More)
Primary cultured cardiac myocytes from adult rats were used to elucidate the role of insulin and catecholamines in the development of insulin resistance in this tissue. Cardiomyocytes exhibited a stable response toward insulin up to at least 48 h in serum-free culture, as determined by measuring the effect of the hormone on initial rates of 2-deoxyglucose(More)
Interaction between two alphabeta half-receptors within the (alphabeta)(2) holoreceptor complex is required for insulin binding with high affinity and for insulin-triggered changes of size and shape. To understand the underlying structure-function relationship, two truncated receptor constructs have been characterized. Reduction in the Stokes radius and(More)
The 26 S proteasome complex is thought to catalyse the breakdown of ubiquitinated proteins within eukaryotic cells. In addition it has been found that the complex also degrades short-lived proteins such as ornithine decarboxylase in a ubiquitin-independent manner. Both proteolytic processes are paralleled by the hydrolysis of ATP. Here we show that ATP also(More)
The effect of Etomoxir as a carnitine palmitoyl transferase I-inhibitor was investigated in normal and chronic diabetic rats. Etomoxir (18 mg/kg) was given daily for 8 days by intraperitoneal injection in order to inhibit the oxidation of fatty acids and to increase the metabolism of glucose. This carnitine palmitoyl transferase I-inhibitor significantly(More)
A proteolytic enzyme was purified from the post-myofibrillar fraction of rat skeletal muscle. The purification procedure consisted of fractionation of the muscle extract by (NH4)2SO4, chromatography on DEAE-Sephacel, fast protein liquid chromatography on Mono Q and gel filtration on Sepharose 6B. The enzyme preparation appeared to be homogeneous as judged(More)