Hans R. Hendriks

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Potato wart disease, caused by the chytridiomycete Synchytrium endobioticum, was first introduced into Europe in the late 19th century. It spread quickly, and today is reported in 15 European countries. Initially, only one pathotype was found, and the disease was efficiently controlled using resistant cultivars. In 1941, however, formerly resistant(More)
1-beta-D-arabinofuranosylcytosine (ara-C) is a deoxycytidine analog with activity in leukemia, which requires phosphorylation by deoxycytidine kinase (dCK) to allow formation of its active phosphate 1-beta-D-arabinofuranosylcytosine triphosphate, but can be deaminated by deoxycytidine deaminase. Altered membrane transport is also a mechanism of drug(More)
Gemcitabine is a deoxycytidine (dCyd) analog with activity in leukemia and solid tumors, which requires phosphorylation by deoxycytidine kinase (dCK). Decreased membrane transport is a mechanism of resistance to gemcitabine. In order to facilitate gemcitabine uptake and prolong retention in the cell, a lipophilic pro-drug was synthesized (CP-4126), with an(More)
BACKGROUND Ecteinascidin-743 (ET743) is a novel antitumour agent originating from the Caribbean tunicate Ecteinascidia turbinata. It has potent cytotoxic and antitumour activity and a potential new mechanism of action. The aim of the present study was to further explore the antitumour activity of ET743 in human tumour xenografts from melanoma,(More)
EO9 is a novel and fully synthetic bioreductive alkylating indoloquinone. Although structurally-related to mitomycin C, EO9 exhibits a distinct preclinical antitumour profile and there are also differences in its biochemical activation. In this study, EO9 was found to demonstrate preferential cytotoxicity against solid tumours in vitro as compared to(More)
BACKGROUND The EORTC New Drug Development Office has initiated a multicenter collaborative program to evaluate the use of human tumor xenografts to predict phase II clinical activity. A first study confirmed the efficacy of doxorubicin and inactivity of amsacrine against human tumor xenografts (Boven et al., Cancer Res: 52, 5940, 1992). In the follow-up(More)
Rhizoxin is a 16-membered antifungal macrocyclic lactone isolated from the plant pathogenic fungus Rhizopus chinensis. The compound binds to tubulin, preventing microtubule formation, and inhibiting mitosis. It possesses antitumour activity in vivo against various preclinical murine models, both leukaemias and solid tumours model, as well as in vincristine-(More)
EO9 (Apaziquone) is a bioreductive drug that has a chequered history. It underwent clinical trial but failed to show activity in phase II clinical trials when administered i.v. Poor drug delivery to tumours caused by a combination of rapid pharmacokinetic elimination and poor penetration through avascular tissue were the major factors responsible for EO9's(More)
The anti-tumor activity of the putative differentiation-inducing agent dimethylformamide (DMF) was assessed in 7 head-and-neck xenograft (HNX) lines transplanted into nude mice. The drug was administered intra-peritoneally at the maximum tolerated dose. A significant growth-inhibitory effect was observed in 3 out of 7 tumor lines tested. When compared with(More)