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BACKGROUND The EORTC New Drug Development Office has initiated a multicenter collaborative program to evaluate the use of human tumor xenografts to predict phase II clinical activity. A first study confirmed the efficacy of doxorubicin and inactivity of amsacrine against human tumor xenografts (Boven et al., Cancer Res: 52, 5940, 1992). In the follow-up(More)
1-beta-D-arabinofuranosylcytosine (ara-C) is a deoxycytidine analog with activity in leukemia, which requires phosphorylation by deoxycytidine kinase (dCK) to allow formation of its active phosphate 1-beta-D-arabinofuranosylcytosine triphosphate, but can be deaminated by deoxycytidine deaminase. Altered membrane transport is also a mechanism of drug(More)
Resistance to, the hydrophilic drug ara-C, might be meditated by decreased membrane transport. Lipophilic prodrugs were synthesized to facilitate uptake. These compounds were equally active as ara-C, while the compounds with the shortest fatty-acid group and highest number of double bonds were the more active. These compounds also show a better retention(More)
EO9 is a novel and fully synthetic bioreductive alkylating indoloquinone. Although structurally-related to mitomycin C, EO9 exhibits a distinct preclinical antitumour profile and there are also differences in its biochemical activation. In this study, EO9 was found to demonstrate preferential cytotoxicity against solid tumours in vitro as compared to(More)
Interruption of the afferent lymphatic vessels of the popliteal lymph node resulted in the disappearance of high endothelial venules (HEV) and immigrating lymphocytes within 3 weeks. HEV showed several characteristic morphological changes: the endothelial cells became flattened and less pyroninophilic, the chromatine became condensed and protein(More)
Gemcitabine is a deoxycytidine (dCyd) analog with activity in leukemia and solid tumors, which requires phosphorylation by deoxycytidine kinase (dCK). Decreased membrane transport is a mechanism of resistance to gemcitabine. In order to facilitate gemcitabine uptake and prolong retention in the cell, a lipophilic pro-drug was synthesized (CP-4126), with an(More)
BACKGROUND Ecteinascidin-743 (ET743) is a novel antitumour agent originating from the Caribbean tunicate Ecteinascidia turbinata. It has potent cytotoxic and antitumour activity and a potential new mechanism of action. The aim of the present study was to further explore the antitumour activity of ET743 in human tumour xenografts from melanoma,(More)
The antitumor activity of ecteinascidin (ET)-743, a novel marine natural product, was evaluated against a panel of human ovarian carcinoma xenografts characterized by different malignant behaviors and drug responsiveness in nude mice. These tumor models included three xenografts transplanted s.c. (HOC18, HOC22-S, and MNB-PTX-1) into nude mice, representing(More)
In a recent study we demonstrated that recombinant human growth hormone (r-hGH; Saizen) delayed tumor-induced cachexia in human tumor xenografts in vivo. Such a therapeutic effect could have a great impact in the supportive care of advanced cancer patients. Before large clinical studies are initiated possible growth stimulation should be excluded. This(More)