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Changes in probing pocket depth following non-surgical periodontal treatment were investigated in 75 patients, 40 of whom were heavy smokers. Pockets with an initial probing depth of 4-6 mm were studied. The treatment consisted of patient instruction and motivation and debridement of plaque and calculus by hand instrumentation. The treatment was completed(More)
Tobacco, particularly tobacco smoking, has a substantial influence on periodontal health and disease. It is associated with an increased disease rate in terms of periodontal bone loss, periodontal attachment loss, as well as periodontal pocket formation. In addition, it exerts a masking effect on gingival symptoms of inflammation. Risk assessment based on(More)
The effect of low level energy infra-red laser irradiation on gingival inflammation was studied. Gingivitis was induced in ten female dental students by refraining from all oral hygiene measures for 28 days. On days 21 and 24 the marginal gingiva, buccal to one of the lateral mandibular incisors, was exposed to 4 minutes of laser irradiation (total dose =(More)
369 adult patients with moderate to severe periodontitis were compared with a survey sample from the population of Stockholm regarding smoking habits. The results showed that the frequency of daily cigarette smokers was significantly greater in the periodontitis sample. The odds ratio for a smoker to appear among periodontitis patients was more than doubled(More)
The aim of the present study was to examine how different personal, physical, and psychosocial work-associated factors are related to good general health, well-being, and musculoskeletal disorders in dental hygienists. A questionnaire was mailed to 575 dental hygienists who were randomly sampled from the Swedish Dental Hygienists' Association (86%(More)
The influence of cigarette smoking on the outcome of surgical therapy was investigated in 54 patients, 24 of whom were smokers. The patients had moderate to severe periodontitis with persisting diseased pockets after non-surgical therapy. The surgical modality used was the modified Widman flap operation and the pockets under scrutiny were those with an(More)
The association between smoking and loss of periodontal bone height was investigated in Swedish dental hygienists. The study group included 210 subjects: 24 to 60 years of age, 30% smokers, 32% former smokers, and 38% non-smokers. The study was based on bite-wing radiographs, where loss of the interproximal bone height was measured as the distance from the(More)
The objective of the present investigation was to study the influence of cigarette smoking on the occurrence of gingival bleeding. The occurrence of bleeding was evaluated by probing at a standardized pressure of 60 g. The bleeding occurrence of each patient was indicated by the number of sites bleeding on probing as a percentage of the total. Twenty(More)
The aim of the present study was to monitor the clinical and microbiological effects of non-surgical therapy in smokers and non-smokers. The subject material included 32 patients (age range 32-61 years), 11 men and 21 women with moderate to severe periodontitis. 17 patients were smokers ( > or = 15 cigarettes/day) and 15 non-smokers. All patients were(More)