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PURPOSE Treatment of chronic-phase (CP) chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) with imatinib 400 mg/d can be unsatisfactory. Optimization of treatment is warranted. PATIENTS AND METHODS In all, 1,014 newly diagnosed CP-CML patients were randomly assigned to imatinib 800 mg/d (n = 338), imatinib 400 mg/d (n = 325), or imatinib 400 mg/d plus interferon alfa (IFN-α;(More)
The aim of this study was to investigate whether bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) and serum levels of proinflammatory cytokines discriminate between different entities of patients with acute respiratory failure. BAL and circulating concentrations of interleukin-6 (IL-6), interleukin-8 (IL-8) and tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) were measured in 74(More)
As curative bone marrow transplantation is available only to a minority of patients with chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML), drug therapy remains of central interest. Several nonrandomized studies have suggested that interferon-alpha (IFN) may prolong survival in CML. In a randomized multicenter study the influence of IFN versus busulfan or hydroxyurea (HU)(More)
Early allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) has been proposed as primary treatment modality for patients with chronic myeloid leukemia (CML). This concept has been challenged by transplantation mortality and improved drug therapy. In a randomized study, primary HSCT and best available drug treatment (IFN based) were compared in newly(More)
The objective of the AML HD93 treatment trial was to evaluate the outcome in young adults with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) after postremission therapy was stratified according to cytogenetically defined risk. The rationales for the study design were based (i) on previous favorable results with high-dose cytarabine in AML with t(8;21), inv/t(16q22) and in(More)
We have investigated glucocorticoid receptor (GR) level, terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase (TdT) activity and the initial responsiveness to prednisone and vincristine in 31 patients with acute lymphatic leukemia (ALL) and with chronic myelogenous leukemia in blast transformation (CML/BT). All 11 patients with low levels of GR (5,000 binding sites per(More)
The optimum treatment conditions of interferon (IFN) alpha therapy in chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) are still controversial. To evaluate the role of hydroxyurea (HU) for the outcome of IFN therapy, we conducted a randomized trial to compare the combination of IFN and HU vs HU monotherapy (CML-study II). From February 1991 to December 1994, 376 patients(More)
Fludarabine monophosphate (FAMP) is a new adenine nucleoside analogue with a promising efficacy in B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia (B-CLL) and low-grade non-Hodgkin lymphomas (NHLs). Here, the clinical experience and side effects with FAMP are reported in 77 patients with pretreated CLL (59 B-CLL, 2 T-CLL) and low-grade NHLs (9 immunocytic lymphomas(More)
The purpose of our study was (i) to evaluate the impact of all-trans retinoic acid (ATRA) given as adjunct to chemotherapy and (ii) to compare second consolidation vs maintenance therapy in elderly patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML). A total of 242 patients aged >or=61 years (median, 66.6 years) with AML were randomly assigned to ATRA beginning on(More)
Gender-related aspects in chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) have not been studied well. We therefore analyzed 856 patients with Ph/BCR-ABL-positive CML from the German randomized CML-studies I (interferon alpha (IFN) vs hydroxyurea (HU) vs busulfan) and II (IFN+HU vs HU alone). The median observation time was 8.6 years. A total of 503 patients (59%) were male.(More)