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Appreciation of the emotional tone of verbal utterances represents an important aspect of social life. It is still unsettled, however, which brain areas mediate processing of intonational information and whether the presumed right-sided superiority depends upon acoustic properties of the speech signal. Functional magnetic resonance imaging was used to(More)
Spontaneous confabulation is a rare memory disorder resulting from orbitofrontal damage or disconnection. Patients act on the basis of memories that do not pertain to the current situation, and are disoriented. No medical treatment is known. Recent studies suggest that subcortical dopaminergic structures are involved in the selection of currently relevant(More)
In order to delineate brain regions specifically involved in the processing of affective components of spoken language (affective or emotive prosody), we conducted two event-related potential experiments. Cortical activation patterns were assessed by recordings of direct current components of the EEG signal from the scalp. Right-handed subjects(More)
Direct current (DC) components of the EEG signal were recorded in 16 right-handed subjects during presentation of pairs of declarative sentences with either happy, sad or neutral intonation. Each stimulus pair had identical wording, but differed at the acoustic level either in pitch (fundamental frequency = FO) range or in duration of stressed syllables.(More)
Speech melody or prosody subserves linguistic, emotional, and pragmatic functions in speech communication. Prosodic perception is based on the decoding of acoustic cues with a predominant function of frequency-related information perceived as speaker's pitch. Evaluation of prosodic meaning is a cognitive function implemented in cortical and subcortical(More)
Prosodic expression is an important channel of emotional communication and can be assessed through computerized acoustical analysis. Fundamental frequency (F0) is the most commonly studied acoustic measure and considered the best index of perceived pitch. In this study, we examined two factors that can influence prosodic expression, sex and emotion type. A(More)
Prosody or speech melody subserves linguistic (e.g., question intonation) and emotional functions in speech communication. Findings from lesion studies and imaging experiments suggest that, depending on function or acoustic stimulus structure, prosodic speech components are differentially processed in the right and left hemispheres. This direct current (DC)(More)
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