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The most impressive property of outer hair cells (OHCs) is their ability to change their length at high acoustic frequencies, thus providing the exquisite sensitivity and frequency-resolving capacity of the mammalian hearing organ. Prestin, a protein related to a sulfate/anion transport protein, recently has been identified and proposed as the OHC motor(More)
The A1555G mutation in the 12SrRNA gene has been associated with aminoglycoside induced and nonsyndromic sensorineural hearing impairment. In this study we analyzed Hungarian, Polish and German patients with nonsyndromic severe to profound hearing impairment of unknown origin for this mutation. The frequency of the A1555G mutation in the Hungarian hearing(More)
BACKGROUND Hereditary hearing impairment (HHI) is a heterogeneous class of disorders that shows various patterns of inheritance and involves a multitude of different genes. Mutations in the EYA4 gene are responsible for postlingual, progressive, autosomal dominant hearing loss at the DFNA10 locus. EYA4 is orthologous to the Drosophila gene eya ("eyes(More)
OBJECTIVES To study the safety and efficacy of continuous intratympanic dexamethasone-phosphate (Dex-P) for severe to profound sudden idiopathic sensorineural hearing (ISSHL) or sudden idiopathic anacusis after failure of systemic therapy. STUDY DESIGN Randomized, double-blind, placebo controlled multicenter trial. METHODS Patients with ISSHL and(More)
CONCLUSIONS The data presented herein form the basis for conducting randomized placebo-controlled clinical trials evaluating the safety and efficacy of salvage treatment in patients with idiopathic sudden severe sensorineural hearing loss (but not anacusis) refractory to initial systemic therapy. Comparison of different application protocols and drug(More)
Recently, it was shown in cochlear explants from the guinea pig cochlea that electrokinetic motile responses of outer hair cells can induce radial and transverse motion of the reticular lamina. Here we demonstrate, that the radial component of these motions can be measured up to high frequencies (15 kHz). Cochlear explants were taken from guinea pig inner(More)
Distortion product otoacoustic emissions (DPOAEs) measured as vibration of the human eardrum have been successfully used to estimate hearing threshold. The estimates have proved more accurate than similar methods using sound-pressure DPOAEs. Nevertheless, the estimation accuracy of the new technique might have been influenced by endogenous noise, such as(More)
1. The sensory functions of the inner ear (hearing and balance) critically depend on the precise regulation of two fluid compartments of highly desparate ion composition, i.e., the endolymph and the perilymph. 2. The parameters volume, ion composition, and pH need to be held athomeostasis irrespective of the hydration status of the total organism. 3.(More)
HYPOTHESIS Cochlear fluid pharmacokinetics can be better represented by three-dimensional (3D) finite-element simulations of drug dispersal. BACKGROUND Local drug deliveries to the round window membrane are increasingly being used to treat inner ear disorders. Crucial to the development of safe therapies is knowledge of drug distribution in the inner ear(More)
OBJECTIVES Distortion product otoacoustic emissions (DPOAE) have become part of routine audiological diagnostics. The large scale of clinical DPOAE applications, such as screening of hearing in infants, objective estimation of hearing status, distinction between cochlear and retrocochlear origin of sensorineural hearing loss, exclusion of psychogenic(More)