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The most impressive property of outer hair cells (OHCs) is their ability to change their length at high acoustic frequencies, thus providing the exquisite sensitivity and frequency-resolving capacity of the mammalian hearing organ. Prestin, a protein related to a sulfate/anion transport protein, recently has been identified and proposed as the OHC motor(More)
1. The sensory functions of the inner ear (hearing and balance) critically depend on the precise regulation of two fluid compartments of highly desparate ion composition, i.e., the endolymph and the perilymph. 2. The parameters volume, ion composition, and pH need to be held at homeostasis irrespective of the hydration status of the total organism. 3.(More)
CONCLUSION According to the presented data, speech-in-noise intelligibility (SI) does not correlate with olivocochlear efferent activity - as measured by contralateral suppression (CS) of distortion product otoacoustic emissions (DPOAE) in humans with normal auditory threshold. OBJECTIVES Literature data indicate a possible role of the medial(More)
In isolated outer hair cells (OHCs) electrically induced movements of high frequencies have been described. The experiments, however, gave no information whether fast OHC motility exists in situ. In the present report, we developed a technique to prepare viable half turn explants from the guinea-pig cochlea which could be kept as organ culture. Several(More)
OBJECTIVE Acquired centralized tinnitus (ACT) is the most frequent type of chronic tinnitus. We introduce a cognitive neurophysiological ACT hypothesis based on centralized cognitive sensitization processes. MATERIAL AND METHODS Published cognitive sensitization processes were reviewed using PubMed. Furthermore, a Cochrane analysis was performed. (More)
Nitric oxide (NO) production during hyposmotic stimulation in outer hair cells (OHCs) of the guinea pig cochlea was investigated using the NO sensitive dye DAF-2. Simultaneous measurement of the cell length and NO production showed rapid hyposmotic-induced cell swelling to precede NO production in OHCs. Hyposmotic stimulation failed to induce NO production(More)
HYPOTHESIS Cochlear fluid pharmacokinetics can be better represented by three-dimensional (3D) finite-element simulations of drug dispersal. BACKGROUND Local drug deliveries to the round window membrane are increasingly being used to treat inner ear disorders. Crucial to the development of safe therapies is knowledge of drug distribution in the inner ear(More)
Recently, it was shown in cochlear explants from the guinea pig cochlea that electrokinetic motile responses of outer hair cells can induce radial and transverse motion of the reticular lamina. Here we demonstrate, that the radial component of these motions can be measured up to high frequencies (15 kHz). Cochlear explants were taken from guinea pig inner(More)
HYPOTHESIS Despite its invasiveness, the temporary implantation of a microcatheter into the middle ear cavity is an appropriately safe method for providing continuous drug delivery to the inner ear. BACKGROUND For the application of drugs to the inner ear, different delivery strategies are available ranging from intratympanic injections to temporarily(More)
Round-window stimulation is a new clinical approach for the application of active middle-ear implants. To investigate factors influencing the efficiency of round-window stimulation, experiments in 6 human temporal bones were performed with different actuator geometries and coupling conditions. The experiments show that the amplitude ratio between stapes and(More)