Anthony W Gummer2
Hartmut Hahn1
Ulrike Zimmermann1
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1. The sensory functions of the inner ear (hearing and balance) critically depend on the precise regulation of two fluid compartments of highly desparate ion composition, i.e., the endolymph and the perilymph. 2. The parameters volume, ion composition, and pH need to be held at homeostasis irrespective of the hydration status of the total organism. 3.(More)
The most impressive property of outer hair cells (OHCs) is their ability to change their length at high acoustic frequencies, thus providing the exquisite sensitivity and frequency-resolving capacity of the mammalian hearing organ. Prestin, a protein related to a sulfate/anion transport protein, recently has been identified and proposed as the OHC motor(More)
CONCLUSION According to the presented data, speech-in-noise intelligibility (SI) does not correlate with olivocochlear efferent activity - as measured by contralateral suppression (CS) of distortion product otoacoustic emissions (DPOAE) in humans with normal auditory threshold. OBJECTIVES Literature data indicate a possible role of the medial(More)
OBJECTIVE Acquired centralized tinnitus (ACT) is the most frequent type of chronic tinnitus. We introduce a cognitive neurophysiological ACT hypothesis based on centralized cognitive sensitization processes. MATERIAL AND METHODS Published cognitive sensitization processes were reviewed using PubMed. Furthermore, a Cochrane analysis was performed. (More)
This paper investigates different approaches for supplying power to implantable hearing systems via energy harvesting. Because of the specific nature of the problem, only energy harvesting in the region of the human head is considered. Upper bounds as well as more conservative estimations for harvesting mechanical, thermal, and electromagnetic energy are(More)
Stimulation of the round window (RW) has gained increasing clinical importance. Clinical, as well as human temporal bone and in-vivo animal studies show considerable variability. The influence of RW stimulation on the cochlea remains unclear. We designed a human temporal-bone study with controlled direct mechanical stimulation of the RW membrane to identify(More)
Distortion product otoacoustic emissions (DPOAEs) measured as vibration of the human eardrum have been successfully used to estimate hearing threshold. The estimates have proved more accurate than similar methods using sound-pressure DPOAEs. Nevertheless, the estimation accuracy of the new technique might have been influenced by endogenous noise, such as(More)
The local delivery of drugs to the cochlea is a promising alternative to systemic treatment of inner ear disorders. Whilst new drugs are being developed for this purpose, it is important to determine the time course and total dose required for the various target regions within the inner ear. Due to the small fluid spaces of the inner ear and the resulting(More)
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